Article by Shane Armfield

What is Whiplash?

Whiplash occurs when sudden acceleration-deceleration forces impact the neck. This term encompasses a range of issues affecting muscles, joints, bones, ligaments, discs, and nerves.

What Causes Whiplash?

Whiplash typically results from a traumatic event involving sudden acceleration-deceleration forces. While it’s commonly associated with motor vehicle accidents, other potential causes may include activities like roller-coasters, bungy jumping, or sports-related collisions.

What are the Symptoms of Whiplash?

Symptoms and their severity can vary significantly among individuals. The most frequently reported symptom is neck pain or stiffness, which can begin immediately after the injury or several days later. Additional symptoms may include:

  • Neck pain or stiffness
  • Headaches
  • Shoulder pain
  • Arm pain
  • Upper back pain
  • Dizziness
  • Altered sensation
  • Weakness
  • Visual disturbances
  • Hearing difficulties
  • Difficulty speaking or swallowing
  • Difficulty concentrating

How is Whiplash Diagnosed?

Whiplash is diagnosed clinically based on your injury history and clinical testing. Radiological tests may help identify specific structural damage, such as fractured vertebrae, disc injuries, or muscle and ligament issues.

Red Flags

Due to the traumatic nature of whiplash injuries, there’s a risk of more acute or sinister injuries that need to be ruled out before treatment. Your physiotherapist and GP can identify anything abnormal that warrants further investigation. Please notify a health professional if you have (or develop) any of the following:

  • Bilateral pins and needles
  • Gait disturbances
  • Progressively worsening weakness or sensation problems
  • Pins and needles or numbness in the face
  • Difficulty speaking or swallowing
  • Drop attacks/fainting
  • Bladder or bowel problems

When Should You Be Concerned About Your Neck Pain?

Whiplash Treatment

Research indicates that the most effective way to treat this injury is a combination of tailored treatment options. An experienced rehabilitation practitioner should guide your treatment direction. Potential treatment methods include:

  • Continuing your regular daily routine: Staying active!
  • Active treatment guided by your physiotherapist.
  • Exercises to promote flexibility, strength, and good posture.
  • Fine neck muscle and proprioception retraining programs, instructed by a physiotherapist.
  • Acupuncture or dry needling for pain relief.
  • Education about the injury: Ask questions!
  • Joint mobilisation to alleviate stiff or scarred joints.
  • Medication to manage pain and muscle tension or to provide psychological support.
  • Psychologist advice.
  • Vestibular rehabilitation if dizziness is a symptom.
  • Soft tissue massage for short-term muscle tension relief.


Most whiplash patients will improve within a few weeks of the injury.

Physiotherapy aims to:

  • Reduce neck pain, headaches, and inflammation.
  • Restore normal joint range of motion.
  • Strengthen neck and upper back muscles.
  • Improve neck posture.
  • Normalise muscle lengths and resting muscle tension.
  • Address deficits in neural tissue extensibility.
  • Enhance neck proprioception, fine motor control, and balance.
  • Enhance your ability to handle everyday activities, as well as more stressful ones like lifting.
  • Minimise the risk of future neck pain or disability.

We strongly recommend discussing your specific whiplash injury with a physiotherapist after a thorough examination, as they can assist with whiplash-associated disorders.

Your Prognosis

Will you recover? Yes, but whiplash injuries may take several days to several months to rehabilitate. Recovery time varies from person to person. Fortunately, most whiplash sufferers recover quickly with actively guided treatment. Other factors, including depression and trauma-related anxiety, can impact recovery, so discussing these issues with a qualified health professional is essential for the best chance of recovery.

Whiplash Prevention Tips

Neck Pain Causes

Welcome to the "Neck Pain Causes" page, where we comprehensively explore the factors contributing to neck pain. Neck pain results from a wide array of issues, including injuries to neck joints, muscle-related incidents, bone-related traumas, disc-related problems, nerve-related discomfort, vertigo symptoms, occupational triggers, headache and migraine factors, systemic diseases, and more.

Whether you seek information about muscle cramps, whiplash, osteoporosis, or posture improvement products, this page offers valuable insights and answers to frequently asked questions, aiding your understanding and management of neck pain causes.

General Information

Neck Joint Injuries

Muscle-related Injuries

Bone-related Injuries

Disc-related Injuries

Nerve-related / Referred Pain


Occupational Causes


Systemic Diseases

Neck & Posture Products & FAQs

Neck Pain FAQs

Your Comprehensive Guide

General Neck Pain FAQs

Concerned About Neck Pain - When Should You Be?

  • Learn the signs indicating when neck pain warrants a healthcare professionals visit.

Neck Pain Causes - What Are The Common Culprits?

  • Explore the most frequent causes of neck pain.

Preventing Neck Pain - How Can You Avoid Neck Pain in the First Place?

  • Discover strategies to prevent neck pain before it starts.

Text Neck - What Is It Exactly?

  • Understand how modern technology contributes to neck pain.

Cervical Radiculopathy - How Does It Feel?

  • Get insights into the symptoms and impact of cervical radiculopathy.

Age and Neck Pain - Is Neck Pain More Common as You Get Older?

  • Find out how aging affects neck pain.
Neck Pain
Neck Pain

FAQs on Neck Treatment

Your Road to Relief Relieving Neck Pain - What Can You Do?

  • Explore various methods to relieve neck pain.

Dealing with a Wry Neck - Can You Fix It?

  • Learn about treatments and remedies for a wry neck.

Banishing Neck and Arm Pain - How's It Possible?

  • Understand the connection between neck and arm pain and how to alleviate it.

Physiotherapy FAQs - What to Expect from Physiotherapy for Neck Pain?

  • Know what to expect from physiotherapy sessions for neck pain.

Medication FAQs - When is Medication Necessary for Neck Pain?

  • Learn about the role of medication in managing neck pain.

Surgery FAQs - When is Neck Surgery Considered as an Option?

  • Find out when surgery becomes a necessary option for neck pain.

Neck Exercises

Exercise FAQs - What Neck Exercises Can Help Alleviate Discomfort?

  • Discover exercises that can help in reducing neck discomfort.

Strengthening and Stabilising Your Neck - How It's Done

  • Learn techniques to strengthen and stabilise your neck.

Stretching FAQs - How Can Stretching Benefit Your Neck Health?

  • Understand the benefits of neck stretching exercises.

Neck, Vertigo & Dizziness FAQs

Can Your Neck Trigger Vertigo or Dizziness?

  • Explore the link between neck issues and vertigo or dizziness.

Headache FAQs

Solving Neck-Related Headaches

  • Find solutions for headaches caused by neck problems.

Bid Farewell to Neck Headaches - How to Do It

  • Learn strategies to overcome neck-related headaches.

Posture FAQs

Correcting Years of Poor Posture

  • Get tips on how to correct long-standing poor posture.

Improving Your Posture - What Steps to Take

  • Understand the steps necessary for improving your posture.

Posture Improvement Products & FAQs - Your Posture Allies

  • Discover products that can aid in improving your posture.

Lifestyle and Ergonomics FAQs

How Can Your Daily Habits Affect Neck Health?

  • Learn how everyday habits impact neck health.

Pillow FAQs

Finding the Perfect Pillow

  • Tips on how to find the ideal pillow for neck support.

Pillows: The Ultimate Guide

  • A comprehensive guide to choosing the right pillow.

Healthiest Sleeping Postures - What Are They?

  • Understand the best sleeping postures for neck health.

Choosing the Best Pillow - What Works for You?

  • Guidance on selecting the best pillow based on individual needs.

Identifying an Unsupportive Pillow - The Telltale Signs

  • Learn the signs of a pillow that doesn't provide adequate support.
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