Kids Sports Injuries

Kids Sports Injuries

John Miller Physiotherapist

Article by John Miller

Kids Sports Injuries

Your Essential Guide for Parents and Coaches

Managing Kids Sports Injuries

Recent statistics reveal an alarming fact: 40% of sports injuries are among kids, including children, teenagers, and adolescents. These injuries are often divided into two categories: macrotrauma, resulting from a single traumatic event such as a fracture, and microtrauma, caused by repetitive overuse.

The Risks of Ignoring Kids Sports Injuries

Encouraging kids to ‘play through the pain’ can have serious repercussions. It can prolong recovery, complicate treatable injuries, or cause severe and permanent damage, affecting future sports participation.

Accurate Diagnosis in Kids Sports Injuries

As physiotherapists, we emphasise the importance of detailed assessments for kids. Factors like age, sex, and level of sports activity are crucial in diagnosing sports injuries. Details of the injury, including any immediate symptoms like a ‘pop’ sound, swelling, and the child’s training routine, are essential for an accurate diagnosis.

kids sports injuries
Kids Sports Injuries

Common Types of Kids Sports Injuries

Osteochondritis Dissecans in Young Athletes

This condition, where a bone piece separates from its base, often affects the knee, elbow, and ankle joints in kids. Early diagnosis and treatment, ranging from rest to surgery, are vital for recovery.

Related Article: Osteochondritis Dissecans

Avulsion Fractures in Kids

Common in the pelvis, hip, elbow, and ankle, avulsion fractures occur when a bone fragment attached to a tendon or ligament is pulled from the main bone. Treatment involves active rest, ice, and rehabilitation exercises. Surgery may be necessary in severe cases.

Related Article: Avulsion Injuries

Overuse Injuries and Growth Plate Stress in Children

Repeated stress on a child’s growth plates can lead to pain and impaired growth. Preventing overuse injuries, such as stress fractures and tendinopathies, involves adequate rest and appropriate exercise management.

Related Articles:

Growing Pains and Kids Sports

Rapid growth periods in kids often lead to “growing pains,” where musculoskeletal tension causes discomfort. This is often exacerbated by tight muscles.

Related Article: Growing Pains: A Concern in Adolescents

Parental and Coaching Tips for Preventing Kids Sports Injuries

  • Encourage kids to play at a comfortable pace.
  • Prioritise pre-season fitness and conditioning.
  • Emphasise stretching, flexibility, and core stability.
  • Ensure safe playing environments and proper equipment fit.
  • Seek professional advice for any concerns.

Neck & Back Pain in Young Athletes

While neck pain is less common in kids, it can occur and should be assessed if persistent or severe.

Back pain is quite common and certain sports make kids vulnerable to spinal conditions that may evolve into a lifetime of potentially avoidable back pain.

Kids posture-related condition are on the rise with the increase in technology and gaming a predisposing factor.

Related Articles:

Conclusion: Prioritising Kids’ Health in Sports

Understanding and properly managing kids sports injuries is crucial for their long-term health and enjoyment in sports.

What to Do for Kids Sports Injuries?

If your child experiences a sports-related injury or persistent discomfort, it’s essential to consult a physiotherapist. Professional advice and tailored treatment can prevent long-term issues. Visit PhysioWorks for professional guidance and to schedule an appointment with a physiotherapist to best manage a kids sports injury.

Related Articles

  1. Youth Leg Injuries: Understanding & Treatment Options – This article provides insights into common leg-related conditions in young individuals, covering a range of injuries from Osgood Schlatter’s Disease to Sever’s Disease, and offering guidance on treatment options​​.
  2. Avulsion Fracture Recovery: A Physio’s Guide – Offers a comprehensive guide on recovering from avulsion fractures, which are common in youths participating in sports, and discusses related injuries and conditions​​.
  3. Athletics Injuries: Comprehensive Physio Guide – This guide covers the prevention and care of various athletic injuries, including muscle strains and systemic conditions like fibromyalgia, providing a holistic view on management and recovery strategies​​.
  4. Prevent Football Injuries: Physiotherapist Tips & Strategies – Provides targeted advice for preventing football-related injuries in children, touching on common muscle injuries and recovery tips​​.
  5. Prehabilitation: Key To Injury-Free Sports Performance – Discusses the concept of prehabilitation to prevent injuries before they occur, focusing on muscle injuries and their management​​.
  6. Osgood-Schlatter Disease – A Detailed Guide – Dedicated to understanding Osgood-Schlatter Disease, a common condition affecting the knees of growing adolescents, this article elaborates on causes, symptoms, and treatment options​​.
  7. Gymnastics Injuries – A Physiotherapist’s Guide – Offers an in-depth look at common muscle injuries from gymnastics and other sports, emphasising prevention and treatment​​.

Common Youth & Kids Conditions

Article by Zoe Russell

Sports Physiotherapy FAQs

sports physiotherapist brisbane

Sports Physiotherapy is the specialised branch of physiotherapy which deals with injuries and issues related to spokespeople. Practitioners with additional formal training within Australia are Sports & Exercise Physiotherapists.

What is Sports Physiotherapy?

Sports injuries do differ from common everyday injuries. Athletes usually require high-level performance and demands placed upon their bodies, which stresses their muscles, joints and bones to the limit. Sports physiotherapists help athletes recover from sporting injuries and provide education and resources to prevent problems. Each sports physiotherapist usually has sport-specific knowledge that addresses acute, chronic and overuse injuries. Their services are generally available to sportsmen and women of all ages engaged in sports at any level of competition.

Members of Sports Physiotherapy Australia (SPA) have experience and knowledge of the latest evidence-based practice, professional assessment and diagnosis of sports injuries, and effective hands-on management techniques and exercise protocols to assist recovery and prevent future damage. SPA members have access to the most recent advances in sports physiotherapy. You'll be pleased to know that most PhysioWorks physiotherapists and massage therapists are particularly interested in sports injury management.

General Sports Physio FAQs

Injury Management

Sports Massage

Sports Insurance

Related Articles

  1. Sports Injury Management: This article provides a comprehensive look at how sports injuries are managed, including prevention strategies and treatment options​​.
  2. Soft Tissue Injury Healing: Readers can learn about the healing process for soft tissue injuries, including practical advice for each phase of recovery​​.
  3. Prehabilitation: Key to Injury-Free Sports Performance: Offers insights into how athletes can prevent injuries before they occur, focusing on strengthening and conditioning practices​​.
  4. Athletics Injuries - Comprehensive Physio Guide: A detailed guide on common injuries in athletics and how to treat and prevent them, making it a valuable resource for athletes of all levels​​.
  5. Acute Sports Injury Clinic: Highlights the services offered by sports injury clinics, including fast-track assessments and treatments for acute sports injuries​​.
  6. Effective Management of Kids Sports Injuries: This guide focuses on the unique aspects of managing sports injuries in children, offering parents and coaches valuable advice on care and prevention​​.

More Information

Common Muscle Injuries

A Physiotherapist's Guide


Muscle injuries, presenting as muscle strain, pain or myalgia, are prevalent health issues affecting a wide range of individuals. This detailed guide, from a physiotherapist's perspective, delves into various muscle injuries, elaborating on their management, prevention, and the importance of professional advice. Explore the linked articles for an in-depth understanding of muscle injuries and their effective treatment.

Common Muscle Injuries

Neck & Back Muscle Injuries: Causes and Solutions

  1. Back Muscle Pain: This pain often results from prolonged poor posture or physical overuse. Key to relief is engaging in exercises that strengthen the core muscles and improve posture, thereby alleviating the strain on the back.
  2. Neck Sprain: Caused by sudden, awkward movements, a neck sprain can benefit from a combination of gentle stretches and targeted strengthening exercises to restore flexibility and strength.
  3. Text Neck: A modern ailment resulting from extended mobile device use, text neck can lead to chronic pain. Regular breaks, posture-awareness, and neck-strengthening exercises are essential for prevention.
  4. Whiplash: Commonly occurring in car accidents, whiplash requires a careful approach including neck stabilisation exercises and controlled movement to encourage healing and prevent further injury.

Lower Limb Muscle Injuries: Understanding and Treating

  1. Hamstring Strain: Particularly common among athletes, particularly runners, this strain demands rest initially, followed by a carefully structured rehabilitation program focusing on gradual strength building and flexibility.
  2. Thigh Strain: Often seen in sports involving sprinting and jumping, thigh strains need a combination of rest, ice, compression, and elevation (RICE) in the initial stages, followed by carefully planned strengthening exercises.
  3. Groin Strain: This injury requires a nuanced approach, including sufficient rest and targeted exercises, to ensure a safe and effective recovery.
  4. Calf Muscle Tear: Key to recovery is a balance of rest, gentle stretching exercises, and a gradual return to full activity, ensuring the muscle heals correctly and strength is regained.

Upper Limb Muscle Injuries: Prevention and Care

  1. Golfer's Elbow and Tennis Elbow: Both these conditions involve inflammation of the tendons and require a rest period, followed by ice therapy and specific exercises tailored to strengthen the affected muscles.
  2. Corked Thigh: Resulting from direct impacts, these injuries demand immediate application of ice and a controlled, gradual exercise regime for recovery.
  3. DOMS, Fatigue-Related Cramps & Myalgia: Adequate rest, good hydration, and gentle stretching are crucial in alleviating these conditions.
  4. RSI: Regular stretching, ergonomic workplace adjustments, and taking breaks are key preventive measures for repetitive strain injury.

Systemic Causes of Muscle Pain: A Holistic View

  1. Fibromyalgia: This complex condition demands a holistic treatment approach, including exercise routines, stress management techniques, and sometimes medication.
  2. Rheumatoid Arthritis: Effective management combines medication, gentle exercise, and regular physiotherapy sessions.

Prevention and Management Strategies

  • Regular Exercise: Regular physical activity helps maintain muscle strength and flexibility, reducing the risk of muscle injuries.
  • Posture Improvement: Good posture, both in motion and at rest, is crucial for preventing muscle strain.
  • Proper Warm-up and Cool-down: Adequate warm-up before and cool-down after physical activity is vital in preventing muscle strains and injuries.
  • Ergonomic Adjustments: Making ergonomic adjustments at work and during daily activities can significantly reduce the risk of repetitive strain injuries and other muscle-related issues.
  • Maintaining a Healthy Weight: Keeping a healthy weight reduces the strain on muscles, particularly in weight-bearing joints.

What to Do? Seeking Professional Advice

Consult a physiotherapist or doctor for personalised advice and treatment plans. Remember, early intervention can significantly improve recovery outcomes and prevent chronic problems.


While muscle injuries are common, effective management and prevention are achievable with the right approach and knowledge. Understanding the causes, symptoms, and various treatments available empowers individuals to take proactive steps in their recovery and prevention. For the most tailored and effective treatment, always seek the guidance of a professional physiotherapist.

Common Ligament Injuries

common ligament injuries
Common Ligament Injuries

Ligament Injury

Ligament injuries frequently occur in various body parts, leading to pain and restricted movement. The most common sites include the knee, ankle, shoulder, wrist, hand, and spine.

Notably, knee injuries like ACL, PCL, MCL, and LCL sprains are prevalent.

Shoulder injuries often involve the AC joint, while wrist and hand issues can include thumb and finger sprains.

Spinal ligament injuries, such as back and neck sprains, and whiplash, are also significant. Understanding these injuries helps in prevention, early detection, and effective treatment.

Ankle Ligament Injuries

Ankle injuries often result from sudden twists or rolls, leading to sprains and strains.

Knee Ligament Injuries

Knee ligament injuries are among the most common and can severely impact mobility and quality of life.

Shoulder Ligament Injuries

Shoulder ligament injuries can be debilitating, affecting a range of movements.

Wrist & Hand Ligament Injuries

Injuries in the wrist and hand are common, especially in sports and physical activities.

Spinal Ligament Injuries

Spinal ligament injuries can result from various causes, including posture issues and physical impacts.

Related Articles

  1. Ligament Tear - Common Ligament Injuries: Offers a comprehensive overview of ligament injuries across different body parts, including prevention, early detection, and effective treatment strategies​​.
  2. Knee Ligament Injury - A Physiotherapist's Guide & Tips: Provides insights into diagnosing knee pain, covering ligament issues among other concerns, and suggests pain relief methods through exercise and treatment​​.
  3. Common Ankle Ligament Injuries: A Physiotherapist's Guide: Discusses the treatment and prevention strategies for ankle ligament injuries, emphasising the importance of early intervention​​.
  4. Sprained Ankle Treatment & Recovery Guide: Offers detailed guidance on the recovery timelines for sprained ankles, highlighting the importance of restoring strength, motion, and function for a full recovery​​.
  5. Ankle Strapping: Complete Guide To Injury Prevention: Focuses on preventing ankle injuries through effective strapping techniques and discusses conditions like ankle arthritis and biomechanical issues​​.
  6. Sub-Acute Soft Tissue Injury: Explores the treatment and recovery process for various ligament injuries, including those affecting the knee, shoulder, wrist, hand, and spine​​.
  7. Sprained Thumb Treatment And Recovery Tips: Delivers practical tips for treating and recovering from a sprained thumb, along with general management strategies for wrist and hand pain​​.
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