Spondylosis (Spine Arthritis)

John Miller Physiotherapist

Article by John Miller



Management Strategies

Spondylosis, widely known as spine arthritis, is a prevalent condition causing pain and stiffness in the spine, mainly in individuals over fifty. We often categorise it by the affected spine region: Cervical (neck), Thoracic (mid-back), and Lumbar (lower back). This condition arises from the everyday “wear and tear” of spinal joints, leading to damage over time. In severe cases, it may lead to complications like sciatica when nerves get pinched.

Diagnosis of Spondylosis

Physiotherapists, alongside other health practitioners, play a vital role in diagnosing spondylosis. A comprehensive physical examination, often supplemented with X-rays, MRI, and CT scans, helps confirm its presence.

Impact of Spondylosis on Everyday Life

Spondylosis affects most individuals to varying degrees as they age, influenced by factors like ageing, injuries, poor posture, joint overuse, and excess weight. These factors contribute to permanent changes in spinal joints, which can range from being asymptomatic to causing continuous, disabling pain.

Identifying Spondylosis Symptoms

Symptoms typically include intermittent pain or tenderness in spinal joints, morning stiffness, visible joint deformity on X-rays, and pain during spinal joint movement.


Recent Advances in Spondylosis Treatment

While there is no outright cure for spondylosis, advancements in physiotherapy have significantly improved pain management and functionality in affected individuals. Modern physiotherapy techniques, backed by research, have been proven effective in reducing pain and disability associated with spondylosis.

Physiotherapy Management of Spondylosis

Physiotherapists conduct a thorough assessment of the patient’s condition, considering symptoms, range of motion, strength, posture, and functional limitations. This assessment forms the basis for a customised treatment plan.

Pain Relief Strategies

We employ various methods for pain relief, including manual therapy (joint mobilisation, soft tissue massage), and heat or cold therapy. These techniques are tailored to individual needs and are instrumental in alleviating pain associated with spondylosis.

Exercise Prescription

Based on our assessment, we prescribe specific exercises aimed at improving joint mobility, flexibility, strength, and stability. Core strengthening exercises are particularly beneficial for supporting the spine.

Education and Self-Management

Education forms a crucial part of our approach. We inform patients about spondylosis, its causes, and strategies for self-management, including lifestyle modifications, posture improvement, activity adaptations, and ergonomic principles.

Functional Rehabilitation

Our focus also includes functional rehabilitation to enhance the ability to perform daily activities. This may involve exercises targeting functional movements, balance training, and gait retraining.

Spondylosis Exercises: A Key Component

Exercises for spondylosis are customised to individual needs and focus on maintaining or increasing joint movement, stretching tight muscles, improving joint lubrication, strengthening muscles, and enhancing core control and posture.

Living with Spondylosis: Practical Tips

Managing spondylosis effectively involves respecting your pain and avoiding activities that exacerbate it. Maintaining a healthy weight and engaging in tolerable general exercises like walking, swimming, or cycling are essential. Core stability exercises and the use of TENS machines for pain relief can also be beneficial.

Enjoying Life After Successful Spondylosis Physio Treatment


Spondylosis, or spine arthritis, while common and sometimes challenging, can be effectively managed through physiotherapy. By working closely with a physiotherapist, individuals can significantly improve their quality of life and mitigate the impact of the condition on daily activities. Remember, maintaining a healthy weight, avoiding excessive joint stress, and engaging in suitable exercises are vital in managing spondylosis.

For personalised advice and a tailored treatment plan, it is crucial to consult a professional physiotherapist. They can guide you through the process of managing your condition, ensuring the best possible outcomes.

Remember, your journey with spondylosis doesn’t have to be a solitary one – your physiotherapist is here to help every step of the way.

What Causes Lower Back Pain?


Lower back pain is a widespread issue in Australia, stemming from diverse conditions. As physiotherapists, we often encounter various causes of this pain. This guide aims to shed light on these causes and provide valuable insights for effective management.

Lower Back Pain Causes
What's Causing Your Lower Back Pain?

Muscle-Related Injuries

Muscle injuries are a predominant cause of lower back pain, including:

Recent research underscores the importance of regular exercise and core strengthening in preventing these injuries.

Bone-Related Injuries

Bone health is crucial in lower back pain, encompassing conditions like:

Disc-Related Injuries

Spinal discs are vital for spinal health:

Minimally invasive surgical techniques have transformed the treatment of severe disc-related injuries where physiotherapy and other non-operative options fail to improve.

Back Joint Injuries

Nerve-Related Injuries

Nerve issues can lead to:

Physiotherapy and newer medications have been effective in managing these conditions. Some will require injection therapies or surgery.

Pelvis-Related Injuries

Pelvic issues also contribute to lower back pain:

Pregnancy-Related Pain

  • Pregnancy Back Pain: Often due to increased back strain during pregnancy. Prenatal physiotherapy programs are beneficial.

Systemic Diseases

Systemic diseases like Ankylosing Spondylitis, Fibromyalgia and Rheumatoid Arthritis can cause back pain.

Recent Research and Advancements

Current research emphasises a holistic approach to treating lower back pain. Techniques like yoga and Pilates, alongside traditional physiotherapy, and conservatively progressed gym programs show significant relief. The role of diet in managing weight and inflammation is increasingly recognised.

Best Treatments for Lower Back Pain

Treatment varies but often includes:

  • Physiotherapy
  • Pain management
  • Strength and flexibility exercise programs
  • Ergonomic adjustments
  • Surgical interventions for severe cases


Lower back pain is a significant health concern in Australia. Understanding its causes and seeking professional physiotherapy advice can greatly improve life quality. Remember, early intervention is key for an effective recovery.

What to Do?

If you're experiencing lower back pain, it's vital to consult a physiotherapist or doctor. They can provide an assessment and customised treatment plan based on your specific condition.

Back Pain FAQs & Products

Your Comprehensive Guide to FAQs, Causes, and Relief

Experiencing back pain and looking for answers? Our comprehensive FAQ section covers everything you need to know about back pain - from common causes and symptoms to effective treatments.

Click the links to our detailed articles to understand better and manage your back pain. Explore links to related topics like 'Severe Back Pain Management', 'Posture Improvement Techniques', and 'Physiotherapy for Chronic Back Issues' for a holistic approach to your spinal health."

back pain faqs
Back Pain Faqs

What Causes Back Pain?

Discover the various factors behind back pain, including muscle strains, herniated discs, and more.

How Can I Relieve Back Pain?

Explore treatments ranging from physiotherapy to exercises, tailored to alleviate back pain.

Can Back Pain Be Prevented?

Learn how to prevent back pain through healthy habits and proper body mechanics.

When Should You See a Physio or Doctor for Back Pain?

Understand when it's crucial to seek professional medical advice for back pain.

Repeated Bouts & Incidental Back Pain FAQs

Addressing frequently occurring and sudden back pain incidents.

Youth Back Pain FAQs

Focusing on the prevention and management of back pain in teenagers.

Back Pain Exercises FAQs

Discover effective exercises and tools for back pain relief.

Back Pain Prevention FAQs

Key insights into everyday activities and their impact on back health.

Posture FAQs

Learn about the importance of good posture and techniques to improve it.

Other Treatments For Back Pain?

Investigate a variety of treatments, from nerve blocks to spinal cord stimulation.


Empowering you with knowledge to understand, address, and prevent back pain effectively.

What to Do Next

Now that you've gained insight into the causes and remedies of back pain, it's time to take the next steps. Start by applying the prevention techniques and exercises detailed in this guide to your daily routine. If you're currently experiencing back pain, consider the treatment options discussed and consult a healthcare professional for personalised advice. Remember, every journey to back health is unique.

Stay informed, be proactive in your self-care, and don't hesitate to seek professional help when needed. For further reading, explore the hyperlinked articles to deepen your understanding and support your path to a pain-free life. Here’s to taking control of your back health and embracing a more comfortable, active lifestyle.

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