Team Sports

Team Sports

John Miller Physiotherapist

Article by John Miller

Sports Injuries in Team Sports

Participating in team sports offers excitement, competition, and camaraderie. However, injuries are an inherent risk in any physical activity, including team sports. This article will explore common sports injuries associated with basketball, cricket, netball, volleyball, hockey, baseball and softball and discuss preventive measures to keep athletes safe.


Basketball involves quick movements, jumps, and physical contact, which can lead to various injuries. Ankle sprains are prevalent due to landing on another player’s foot or sudden changes in direction. Knee injuries, such as anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) or meniscus tears, can occur during abrupt stops or pivots. Finger injuries can result from ball handling or attempting to steal the ball. Players should prioritise proper warm-up routines, wear supportive footwear, and practice good landing techniques to prevent injuries. Strength training and conditioning exercises can also aid in injury prevention.

More info: Basketball Injuries


In cricket, injuries can occur due to the repetitive nature of bowling and fielding. Bowlers often experience overuse injuries, such as stress fractures in the lower back or stress on the knees. Fielders can suffer from finger and hand injuries while attempting catches. Additionally, fast-paced games like Twenty20 can lead to muscle strains or sprains. Players should prioritise adequate warm-up and cool-down exercises, maintain good bowling technique, and use appropriate protective gear like helmets and finger guards to minimise the risk of injuries.

More info: Cricket Injuries


Netball involves rapid direction changes, jumps, and physical contact, making players vulnerable to various injuries. Ankle sprains are common when landing awkwardly or stepping on an opponent’s foot. Knee injuries, such as ligament sprains or meniscus tears, can occur during sudden stops or twists. Players should focus on strengthening exercises, wear supportive footwear, and practice proper landing techniques to reduce the risk of injuries. Additionally, umpires should enforce rules regarding contact to ensure player safety.

More info: Netball Injuries


Volleyball primarily involves jumping and repetitive overhead motions, which can lead to injuries. Ankle sprains are common when landing after jumps or during lateral movements. Shoulder injuries like rotator cuff strains or tendonitis can result from repetitive spiking or serving. Finger injuries can occur from jamming or blocking the ball. Athletes should prioritise proper jumping and landing techniques, incorporate strength training for the shoulders and core, and wear appropriate footwear to reduce the risk of injuries.

More info: Volleyball Injuries


Hockey is a fast-paced sport with physical contact, making players susceptible to injuries. The most common injuries in hockey include fractures, sprains, and contusions resulting from falls, collisions, or contact with the stick or ball. Head injuries, such as concussions, can occur due to collisions or being hit by the ball. Wearing protective equipment like helmets, mouthguards, shin guards, and gloves is crucial to minimise the risk of injuries. Players should also focus on proper technique and adhere to safety guidelines during gameplay.

More info: Hockey Injuries


The most common injuries in baseball occur in the upper extremities, particularly the shoulder and elbow. Pitchers are particularly susceptible to overuse injuries such as rotator cuff strains, shoulder impingement, and elbow ligament sprains (commonly known as “Tommy John” injuries). Sliding can also lead to injuries like ankle sprains, abrasions, or fractures. To minimise the risk of injuries, players should focus on proper throwing mechanics, gradually increase pitch counts, incorporate rest periods, and use protective gear like sliding pads and batting helmets.

More info: Baseball Injuries


Softball players are prone to a range of injuries, the most common being those associated with running, sliding, and throwing. Ankle sprains are prevalent when running on uneven surfaces or sliding into bases. Shoulder injuries, such as rotator cuff strains or tendonitis, can result from repetitive throwing motions. Additionally, finger and hand injuries can occur during fielding or catching. Players should focus on proper warm-up and stretching routines to prevent injuries, wear supportive footwear, and practice good sliding techniques. Strengthening exercises for the shoulders and core can also help reduce the risk of injury.

More info: Softball Injuries


In all team sports, athletes should prioritise safety and take appropriate measures to prevent injuries. Prevention includes:

  • Maintaining good physical conditioning through strength training and regular exercise.
  • Using proper technique and form.
  • Wearing appropriate protective equipment.
  • Listening to their bodies for signs of overuse or pain.

Coaches and trainers also play a crucial role in educating athletes about injury prevention and providing guidance on safe training practices.

While injuries can occur in team sports, with proper preparation, technique, and awareness, athletes can enjoy the benefits of these sports while minimising the risk of injury. By prioritising safety and taking preventive measures, athletes can maintain their health, performance, and enjoyment of the game.

Common Sports Injuries

Article by Zoe Russell

Sports Physiotherapy FAQs

sports physiotherapist brisbane

Sports Physiotherapy is the specialised branch of physiotherapy which deals with injuries and issues related to spokespeople. Practitioners with additional formal training within Australia are Sports & Exercise Physiotherapists.

What is Sports Physiotherapy?

Sports injuries do differ from common everyday injuries. Athletes usually require high-level performance and demands placed upon their bodies, which stresses their muscles, joints and bones to the limit. Sports physiotherapists help athletes recover from sporting injuries and provide education and resources to prevent problems. Each sports physiotherapist usually has sport-specific knowledge that addresses acute, chronic and overuse injuries. Their services are generally available to sportsmen and women of all ages engaged in sports at any level of competition.

Members of Sports Physiotherapy Australia (SPA) have experience and knowledge of the latest evidence-based practice, professional assessment and diagnosis of sports injuries, and effective hands-on management techniques and exercise protocols to assist recovery and prevent future damage. SPA members have access to the most recent advances in sports physiotherapy. You'll be pleased to know that most PhysioWorks physiotherapists and massage therapists are particularly interested in sports injury management.

General Sports Physio FAQs

Injury Management

Sports Massage

Sports Insurance

Related Articles

  1. Sports Injury Management: This article provides a comprehensive look at how sports injuries are managed, including prevention strategies and treatment options​​.
  2. Soft Tissue Injury Healing: Readers can learn about the healing process for soft tissue injuries, including practical advice for each phase of recovery​​.
  3. Prehabilitation: Key to Injury-Free Sports Performance: Offers insights into how athletes can prevent injuries before they occur, focusing on strengthening and conditioning practices​​.
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More Information

Common Muscle Injuries

A Physiotherapist's Guide


Muscle injuries, presenting as muscle strain, pain or myalgia, are prevalent health issues affecting a wide range of individuals. This detailed guide, from a physiotherapist's perspective, delves into various muscle injuries, elaborating on their management, prevention, and the importance of professional advice. Explore the linked articles for an in-depth understanding of muscle injuries and their effective treatment.

Common Muscle Injuries

Neck & Back Muscle Injuries: Causes and Solutions

  1. Back Muscle Pain: This pain often results from prolonged poor posture or physical overuse. Key to relief is engaging in exercises that strengthen the core muscles and improve posture, thereby alleviating the strain on the back.
  2. Neck Sprain: Caused by sudden, awkward movements, a neck sprain can benefit from a combination of gentle stretches and targeted strengthening exercises to restore flexibility and strength.
  3. Text Neck: A modern ailment resulting from extended mobile device use, text neck can lead to chronic pain. Regular breaks, posture-awareness, and neck-strengthening exercises are essential for prevention.
  4. Whiplash: Commonly occurring in car accidents, whiplash requires a careful approach including neck stabilisation exercises and controlled movement to encourage healing and prevent further injury.

Lower Limb Muscle Injuries: Understanding and Treating

  1. Hamstring Strain: Particularly common among athletes, particularly runners, this strain demands rest initially, followed by a carefully structured rehabilitation program focusing on gradual strength building and flexibility.
  2. Thigh Strain: Often seen in sports involving sprinting and jumping, thigh strains need a combination of rest, ice, compression, and elevation (RICE) in the initial stages, followed by carefully planned strengthening exercises.
  3. Groin Strain: This injury requires a nuanced approach, including sufficient rest and targeted exercises, to ensure a safe and effective recovery.
  4. Calf Muscle Tear: Key to recovery is a balance of rest, gentle stretching exercises, and a gradual return to full activity, ensuring the muscle heals correctly and strength is regained.

Upper Limb Muscle Injuries: Prevention and Care

  1. Golfer's Elbow and Tennis Elbow: Both these conditions involve inflammation of the tendons and require a rest period, followed by ice therapy and specific exercises tailored to strengthen the affected muscles.
  2. Corked Thigh: Resulting from direct impacts, these injuries demand immediate application of ice and a controlled, gradual exercise regime for recovery.
  3. DOMS, Fatigue-Related Cramps & Myalgia: Adequate rest, good hydration, and gentle stretching are crucial in alleviating these conditions.
  4. RSI: Regular stretching, ergonomic workplace adjustments, and taking breaks are key preventive measures for repetitive strain injury.

Systemic Causes of Muscle Pain: A Holistic View

  1. Fibromyalgia: This complex condition demands a holistic treatment approach, including exercise routines, stress management techniques, and sometimes medication.
  2. Rheumatoid Arthritis: Effective management combines medication, gentle exercise, and regular physiotherapy sessions.

Prevention and Management Strategies

  • Regular Exercise: Regular physical activity helps maintain muscle strength and flexibility, reducing the risk of muscle injuries.
  • Posture Improvement: Good posture, both in motion and at rest, is crucial for preventing muscle strain.
  • Proper Warm-up and Cool-down: Adequate warm-up before and cool-down after physical activity is vital in preventing muscle strains and injuries.
  • Ergonomic Adjustments: Making ergonomic adjustments at work and during daily activities can significantly reduce the risk of repetitive strain injuries and other muscle-related issues.
  • Maintaining a Healthy Weight: Keeping a healthy weight reduces the strain on muscles, particularly in weight-bearing joints.

What to Do? Seeking Professional Advice

Consult a physiotherapist or doctor for personalised advice and treatment plans. Remember, early intervention can significantly improve recovery outcomes and prevent chronic problems.


While muscle injuries are common, effective management and prevention are achievable with the right approach and knowledge. Understanding the causes, symptoms, and various treatments available empowers individuals to take proactive steps in their recovery and prevention. For the most tailored and effective treatment, always seek the guidance of a professional physiotherapist.

Common Ligament Injuries

common ligament injuries
Common Ligament Injuries

Ligament Injury

Ligament injuries frequently occur in various body parts, leading to pain and restricted movement. The most common sites include the knee, ankle, shoulder, wrist, hand, and spine.

Notably, knee injuries like ACL, PCL, MCL, and LCL sprains are prevalent.

Shoulder injuries often involve the AC joint, while wrist and hand issues can include thumb and finger sprains.

Spinal ligament injuries, such as back and neck sprains, and whiplash, are also significant. Understanding these injuries helps in prevention, early detection, and effective treatment.

Ankle Ligament Injuries

Ankle injuries often result from sudden twists or rolls, leading to sprains and strains.

Knee Ligament Injuries

Knee ligament injuries are among the most common and can severely impact mobility and quality of life.

Shoulder Ligament Injuries

Shoulder ligament injuries can be debilitating, affecting a range of movements.

Wrist & Hand Ligament Injuries

Injuries in the wrist and hand are common, especially in sports and physical activities.

Spinal Ligament Injuries

Spinal ligament injuries can result from various causes, including posture issues and physical impacts.

Related Articles

  1. Ligament Tear - Common Ligament Injuries: Offers a comprehensive overview of ligament injuries across different body parts, including prevention, early detection, and effective treatment strategies​​.
  2. Knee Ligament Injury - A Physiotherapist's Guide & Tips: Provides insights into diagnosing knee pain, covering ligament issues among other concerns, and suggests pain relief methods through exercise and treatment​​.
  3. Common Ankle Ligament Injuries: A Physiotherapist's Guide: Discusses the treatment and prevention strategies for ankle ligament injuries, emphasising the importance of early intervention​​.
  4. Sprained Ankle Treatment & Recovery Guide: Offers detailed guidance on the recovery timelines for sprained ankles, highlighting the importance of restoring strength, motion, and function for a full recovery​​.
  5. Ankle Strapping: Complete Guide To Injury Prevention: Focuses on preventing ankle injuries through effective strapping techniques and discusses conditions like ankle arthritis and biomechanical issues​​.
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  7. Sprained Thumb Treatment And Recovery Tips: Delivers practical tips for treating and recovering from a sprained thumb, along with general management strategies for wrist and hand pain​​.
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