Vertigo & Dizziness

Vertigo & Dizziness

Understanding Vertigo and Dizziness: What You Need to Know

Vertigo and dizziness are familiar sensations that many of us have experienced at some point. While they may seem similar, they have distinct characteristics and underlying causes. Let’s adventure into vertigo and dizziness better to understand their differences and potential implications for your health.

Dizziness: Exploring the Sensation

Dizziness is like a broad umbrella term encompassing a range of sensations affecting your sense of balance and spatial awareness. It can manifest in various ways:

  1. Vertigo: Imagine feeling like you or the world around you is spinning or rotating, even though there’s no actual movement. We link vertigo to issues with the inner ear, which is responsible for maintaining equilibrium.
  2. Lightheadedness: This sensation involves feeling faint like you’re about to pass out. Factors like sudden changes in blood pressure, dehydration, or certain medications can trigger lightheadedness.
  3. Disequilibrium: If you sense an overall feeling of unsteadiness or imbalance without the spinning sensation of vertigo, you might be experiencing disequilibrium. Problems with your inner ear or central nervous system could be at play.

Dizziness can arise from various sources, including inner ear disorders, medication side effects, low blood pressure, dehydration, anxiety, cardiovascular conditions, and neurological disorders. It’s important to note that dizziness can sometimes signal an underlying health issue, so seeking medical attention is crucial for dealing with persistent dizziness.

Unmasking Vertigo: A Spinning Sensation

Vertigo is like the spotlight of dizziness—it shines a particularly intense light on the spinning sensation. When you have vertigo, you perceive movement even when you’re still. The feeling can be disorienting and unsettling, affecting your day-to-day activities. The inner ear, particularly the vestibular system, takes centre stage in vertigo sufferers.

The inner ear houses structures that sense head movement and position, such as the semicircular canals and otolith organs. If these structures malfunction, they can send inaccurate signals to your brain about your body’s orientation, leading to the sensation of spinning.

Common Causes of Vertigo

Common causes of vertigo include:

Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo (BPPV): BPPV is a frequent cause of vertigo stems from tiny calcium crystals in the inner ear becoming dislodged and causing intense spinning with changes in head position.

Meniere’s Disease: Menieres characteristics include recurring vertigo episodes, hearing loss, tinnitus, and ear fullness. Fluid accumulation in the inner ear is often to blame.

Vestibular Neuritis and Labyrinthitis: Inflammation of the vestibular nerve or inner ear structures due to infections leading to sudden and severe vertigo.

Migraine-associated Vertigo: Some vestibular migraines can come with vertigo, among other symptoms like headache, light sensitivity, and nausea.

Vertigo Treatment

Treatment for vertigo varies based on the root cause. While some instances may resolve on their own, persistent or severe cases may require medical intervention. Treatment options include medications to alleviate symptoms, specialised physiotherapy exercises to help your brain adapt to abnormal signals, and, in some cases, surgical procedures to address inner ear issues.

If you’re grappling with recurring or severe vertigo, don’t hesitate to consult a healthcare professional. They can assess your situation, conduct a thorough examination, and recommend tailored treatment based on the specific cause of your vertigo.

Unlocking Balance: Vestibular Physiotherapy

Our physiotherapist team have special interests in vestibular physiotherapy for those seeking more insight into managing vertigo and related issues. With a keen interest in helping you regain your equilibrium, our experts are here to provide the guidance and support you need to navigate the world of vertigo and dizziness.

Whether you’re grappling with vertigo, dizziness or want to enhance your understanding of these sensations, our dedicated team is here to assist you every step. Don’t let vertigo spin you off course—take charge of your balance and well-being today.

Article by Shane Armfield

Discussing Vertigo & Dizziness Causes

Navigate Your Way to Steady Ground

Battling vertigo or dizziness can make even the simplest tasks feel daunting. These unsettling sensations can disrupt your routine, making it a struggle to walk, drive, or simply stand up without feeling unstable. Recognising the causes behind vertigo and dizziness is the first step towards regaining your balance and resuming life as usual.

Vertigo & Dizziness Information

Our vertigo and dizziness articles on this website discuss the common origins of vertigo and dizziness.

From the dislodging of tiny crystals in your ear that leads to benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV) to the fluid build-up in Meniere's disease, we cover the spectrum of conditions that might be tipping your world upside down.

We also tackle cervicogenic dizziness—a less known but equally significant cause stemming from neck issues.

Vestibular FAQs

In addition to outlining potential causes, we address frequently asked questions to help you understand the nuances of vertigo and dizziness, their symptoms, how they're diagnosed, and the treatment options available. By equipping you with this knowledge, we hope to empower you to take control of your symptoms.

Read more: Vestibular FAQS

vertigo causes

Vertigo Causes

Vertigo frequently surfaces as a symptom of underlying ear or brain problems. Key triggers include:

Inner Ear Disorders:

BPPV, where ear canal crystals go awry, inducing dizzy spells.

Meniere's Disease:

Characterised by inner ear fluid imbalance, triggering vertigo bouts. read more: Meniere's disease.

Vestibular Neuritis or Labyrinthitis:

Inner ear infections that lead to inflammation and dizziness.

Identifying the exact vertigo cause allows health professionals to customise treatment, potentially reducing or resolving the dizzying episodes.

Dizziness Causes

Dizziness arises from a variety of sources, which can be mild or more severe. These include:

Cervicogenic Dizziness:

Often overlooked, this stems from neck problems disrupting sensory communication to the brain. Read more: Cervicogenic dizziness.

Low Blood Pressure:

Sudden drops can result in momentary light-headedness.


Certain medications list dizziness as a potential side effect.

Anxiety or Stress:

Can lead to bouts of dizziness during periods of heightened stress.

Grasping the causes of dizziness is imperative for practitioners to advise and manage symptoms effectively.


Tracing the roots of vertigo and dizziness is intricate. While many causes are benign and manageable, others may hint at more serious underlying conditions. It's crucial to seek professional input. Vestibular specialists, including ENT doctors and vestibular physiotherapists, are here to help you navigate through these choppy waters to find solid ground.

Your Next Step

If vertigo or dizziness is disrupting your life, don't hesitate to book an appointment to assess your vertigo or dizziness. For more information and practical advice on managing the causes of vertigo and dizziness, peruse our Vestibular Physiotherapy section and explore our FAQs.

Ready for a Change?

Make an appointment with us today and take the first step towards a steadier tomorrow.

Related Articles

  1. Cervicogenic Dizziness & Cervical Vertigo - Tips & Treatment: Readers will find detailed explanations about how neck disorders can lead to dizziness and vertigo​​.
  2. Vertigo & Dizziness: This article offers a broad overview of dizziness and vertigo, providing insights into their differences and potential causes​​.
  3. Vestibular Physiotherapy: Balance & Dizziness Solutions: Explore how vestibular physiotherapy can help manage and treat balance issues and dizziness​​.
  4. What Are The Four Types Of Dizziness?: Readers will learn about the four distinct types of dizziness and their respective causes and symptoms​​.
  5. Meniere's Disease: An in-depth look at Meniere's Disease, offering insights into its symptoms, diagnosis, and management​​.
  6. Vestibular Migraine: This page discusses vestibular migraines, highlighting their unique challenges in diagnosis and treatment​​.
  7. Neck Pain: Find comprehensive information on the various causes of neck pain and its relationship to dizziness and vertigo​​.
  8. What Are The Symptoms Of BPPV?: An article detailing the symptoms of Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo (BPPV), helping readers to better understand this condition​​.
  9. Vestibular FAQs: Offers answers to frequently asked questions about vertigo and dizziness, enhancing understanding of these conditions​​.
  10. Vertigo Causes & Dizziness Causes - Advice & Managing Tips: Provides information on the various causes of vertigo and dizziness, along with tips for managing these conditions​​.

John Miller Physiotherapist

Article by John Miller

How to Improve Balance

A Physiotherapist's Guide


Improving your balance is not only possible, but it can also be remarkably straightforward. Recent scientific research underscores the effectiveness of balance retraining. Remarkably, you can see significant improvements in just a few weeks by incorporating progressive balance exercises. These exercises work to normalise your balance and corrective reactions, essential for everyday activities and sports performance.

The Importance of Balance Assessments

A crucial first step in improving balance is undergoing a professional balance assessment. Physiotherapists are skilled in safely evaluating your balance and prescribing tailored exercises and equipment for balance improvement. These assessments form the foundation for a personalised balance enhancement program.

Read more: Where Can You Get Your Balance Assessed?

How to Improve Balance
How To Improve Balance

The Best Exercises for Fall Prevention

One of the primary benefits of improved balance is fall prevention. This is particularly important as we age. Exercises that enhance strength, balance, and righting reactions are central to fall prevention. Safety during these exercises is paramount. A physiotherapist can tailor a safe, effective fall-prevention exercise program to your needs. This personalised approach ensures a steady progression as your balance improves. For professional guidance on starting a fall-prevention exercise routine, consult your physiotherapist.

Utilising Balance Enhancement Products

Over the years, clinicians have developed a range of products that effectively enhance balance. These products have shown success in reducing falls plus also ankle and knee ligament sprains and improving daily and sporting performance. Many of these can be used conveniently at home to boost your balance, reduce injury risk, and alleviate joint pain.

Some recommended balance enhancement products include:

Incorporating these products into your balance training can maximise benefits, leading to improved balance and stability.

For more details: Balance-Related Products

New Research and Developments in Balance Training

Recent studies have brought to light new insights in balance training. These include the importance of multi-directional exercises, the role of core strength in balance, and the benefits of proprioceptive training. Integrating these elements into balance training can lead to more comprehensive improvements.

Conclusion and Next Steps

Improving your balance is an achievable goal with the right approach. Starting with a professional assessment and following through with tailored exercises and the use of enhancement products can lead to significant improvements. The evolving field of balance training continues to offer new strategies and insights.

What to Do Next?

Seek professional advice from your physiotherapist. They can guide you through a safe, effective balance improvement program tailored to your needs. Remember, the journey to better balance starts with a single step – reaching out to a professional!

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