Understanding Calcaneal Spurs
A calcaneal spur, commonly referred to as a heel spur, is a bone protrusion on the heel bone (calcaneus), which can extend into the arch of the foot, causing pain.
Origins of a Calcaneal Spur
The condition stems from the plantar fascia, a robust band of tissue aiding the arch of your foot. When it’s overstretched or suffers tears, plantar fasciitis can develop, often leading to a calcaneal spur due to persistent inflammation.
The Healing Process
If plantar fasciitis remains untreated, the body attempts to mend the weakened tissue by forming bone. Initially, fibroblasts repair the area, but if the injury lasts beyond six weeks, osteoblasts take over, leading to bone formation within the plantar fascia, resulting in a heel spur.
Early signs include pain under the heel after waking or resting, improving with activity but possibly presenting as a tender bump upon examination.
Diagnosing Calcaneal Spurs
Healthcare professionals diagnose calcaneal spurs by assessing symptoms, medical history, and conducting a physical exam. They also devise a treatment plan to prevent future occurrences.
Imaging tests like X-rays, ultrasounds, or MRIs can reveal a calcaneal spur. Additional tests might exclude other conditions.
You’re more at risk of heel spurs if you’re active, overweight, pregnant, or spend much time on your feet. Foot structure issues, age-related changes, inadequate footwear, muscle weakness, arthritis, and diabetes are also risk factors.
Prognosis for Heel Spur Treatment
Most people with heel spurs see significant improvement with physiotherapy treatments. If non-invasive methods don’t yield results, corticosteroid injections might be an option, albeit with potential drawbacks for long-term healing.
Effective Treatment Approaches
Addressing foot biomechanics is key. Treatments can include therapy, massages, stretching, plantar fascia bracing, foot strapping, arch strengthening exercises, and possibly custom orthotics prescribed by a podiatrist. Long-term stability may be enhanced with specific foot exercises.
Rehabilitation involves eight steps, focusing on pain relief, motion, muscle control, and correcting foot biomechanics, culminating in a return to activities with proper footwear.
Mechanical interventions, such as taping and using orthoses, can be more beneficial when paired with anti-inflammatory treatments. Night splints and weight control also contribute to managing calcaneal spurs.
Consequences of Inaction
Without treatment, calcaneal spurs can become larger and increasingly painful. It’s recommended to seek professional advice for a personalised approach to treating calcaneal spurs or plantar fasciitis. Please book your assessment to commence the best treatment for your calcaneal spur.
Common Heel Pain Causes
What's Causing Your Heel Pain?
This article digs into various heel pain and injury conditions that often trouble individuals. From the well-known discomfort of plantar fasciitis to the presence of heel spurs, we'll navigate through prevalent issues that impact our mobility. Alongside discussions about frequently asked questions and recommended products, our exploration extends to traumatic ankle ligament injuries, tendon problems, foot injuries, bone fractures, degenerative conditions, biomechanical issues, nerve-related sources, muscle injuries, and systemic conditions. This comprehensive guide aims to provide clarity and understanding for those dealing with ankle and foot discomfort.
FAQs & Products
Traumatic Ankle Ligament Injuries
- Achilles Tendon Rupture
- Achilles Tendinopathy
- FHL Tendinopathy
- Peroneal Tendinopathy
- Tibialis Posterior Tendinopathy
- Ankle Fracture (Broken Ankle)
- Stress Fracture
- Stress Fracture Feet
- Severs Disease
- Heel Spur
- Shin Splints