Kids Arm Pain

Kids Arm Pain

John Miller Physiotherapist

Article by John Miller

Kids Arm Pain

Managing, Understanding and Preventing


As a physiotherapist, I often see children and adolescents in my clinic suffering from various arm injuries. These injuries often result from sports and physical activities that involve repetitive movements. Understanding the nature of these injuries, how they differ from adult injuries, and how to prevent and manage them is crucial for ensuring the well-being of our young athletes.

How Youth Arm Injuries Differ from Adult Injuries

The key difference lies in the growth plates. Growth plates, or epiphyseal plates, are areas at the ends of children’s bones where bone growth occurs. These plates are more vulnerable to injury in youth because they are less mineralised and weaker than the surrounding bone and adult bones. Repetitive stress or acute trauma can lead to various arm injuries.

kids arm pain
Managing Kids Arm Pain

Common Arm Injuries in Youth

Thrower’s Elbow

This condition, common among young baseball pitchers, arises from repetitive overhand throwing. This motion places excessive stress on the elbow’s growth areas, leading to pain and discomfort.

Read more: Throwing Injuries

Medial Apophysitis (Little Leaguer’s Elbow)

Common in sports like baseball and tennis, this condition causes pain at the elbow’s inside. It’s the result of inflammation in the growth plate due to repetitive throwing motions.

Osteochondritis Dissecans

Here, lateral elbow pain occurs when overhand throwing compresses the immature elbow joint bones. It can lead to small bone and cartilage fragments dislodging within the joint.

Read more: Osteochondritis Dissecans

Stress Reaction of Growth Plates

Repetitive stress, common in sports like gymnastics, can impair growth and cause pain in the growth plates of arms or legs, potentially leading to permanent damage.

Prevention Strategies

Technique and Training

Proper technique in throwing and serving is vital. As a physiotherapist, I recommend specific exercises to strengthen the muscles around the elbow and shoulder for young athletes. This training can significantly reduce the risk of injury.

Adequate Rest

Rest is essential. Regular breaks and active rest periods are necessary to prevent overuse injuries. It’s important to alternate sports activities to ensure different muscle groups are used.

When to Seek Professional Advice

If your child complains of arm pain or discomfort during or after sports, it’s essential to consult a physiotherapist. Early assessment and treatment can prevent the progression of the injury.


Youth arm injuries, while common, are largely preventable with proper technique, training, and rest. Understanding these injuries and taking proactive measures can help young athletes stay healthy and active.

What to Do?

If your child is experiencing arm pain, it’s crucial to pause their sporting activities and consult a physiotherapist. A tailored program involving specific exercises, rest, and possibly changes in sports technique can be incredibly effective. Remember, early intervention is key to a quick and effective recovery.

Common Youth & Kids Conditions

John Miller Physiotherapist

Article by John Miller

Youth Leg Injuries: Understanding & Treatment Options


Welcome to PhysioWorks' detailed FAQ on Youth Leg Injuries, a resource specifically designed to shed light on leg-related conditions in young individuals. Whether it's sports injuries, overuse conditions, or growth-related issues, our guide covers a wide spectrum of leg injuries that are prevalent among the youth. Each subsection below not only provides insights but also directs you to comprehensive articles for an in-depth understanding, ensuring you're well-informed about these conditions.

Physiotherapy session for knee injury with physiotherapist in navy polo treating a young patient
Professional And Caring Physiotherapy Treatment For A Knee Injury

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Pelvis & Hip Injuries

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The knee, a complex joint, is susceptible to various injuries, particularly in active youths. These resources are tailored to provide information on prevention, diagnosis, and effective treatment for knee injuries.

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Engaging in sports is beneficial for youths, but it also comes with the risk of injuries. Our resources provide insights into common sports injuries, preventive measures, and effective treatment protocols.

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Understanding and effectively managing youth leg injuries are crucial for their wellbeing and continued active participation in sports and daily activities. This guide, with its extensive resources, aims to equip parents, coaches, and young athletes with the knowledge to handle these injuries confidently. Stay informed and proactive in caring for youth leg health.

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