Improving Your Posture: A Guide for Better Health

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Article by M. Hewitt, M. Batch

Improving Your Posture: A Guide for Better Health

Posture plays a crucial role in our daily lives, influencing not only how we look but also how we feel and function. It refers to the position of your body, both when you’re still and in motion. Whether sitting, standing, or moving, maintaining good posture is essential for overall well-being. In this article, we will explore the significance of good posture, the potential consequences of poor posture, and practical tips to improve your posture for a healthier life.

Good posture goes beyond aesthetics; it affects our health and daily activities. Here are some reasons why maintaining good posture is essential:

Enhanced Strength and Flexibility:

Good posture improves muscle strength and flexibility. By aligning your body correctly, you distribute weight evenly, reducing strain on specific muscles and ligaments. This balance, in turn, allows you to move more efficiently and with less effort.

Reduced Risk of Pain and Discomfort:

Poor posture can lead to various discomforts, including headaches, neck pain, shoulder pain, and lower back pain. By practising good posture, you can alleviate these symptoms and prevent the development of chronic pain conditions.

Improved Energy Levels and Mood:

Believe it or not, your posture can affect your energy levels and mood. Standing or sitting with a straight spine and an open chest promotes better circulation, allowing oxygen to flow freely. This boost can increase your energy and uplift your mood.

Positive Perception by Others:

Your posture also influences how others perceive you. Standing tall and maintaining good posture can make you appear confident, approachable, and professional, enhancing your overall presence.

Consequences of Poor Posture:

Sustaining poor posture over time can lead to various health issues. Here are some examples of how different postures can affect specific body parts:

Poor Neck Posture:

Incorrect neck posture can contribute to headaches and neck pain, often caused by straining the muscles and ligaments in that area.

Hunched Thoracic Posture:

Slouching or hunching your back can lead to a rounded upper back, commonly known as a hunchback appearance. It may also result in breathing difficulties, upper back pain, and discomfort in the rib area.

Inadequate Lumbar Posture:

Poor posture in the lower back can contribute to lower back pain, sciatica, reduced strength and sensation in the legs, and an increased risk of spinal injuries.

Understanding ‘Good’ Posture

So, what exactly is good posture? Good posture involves positioning your body to maintain an upright position with minimal effort. When people talk about posture, they often refer to the spine’s shape, which should have three natural curves that resemble overlapping “S” shapes.

Neck Posture:

The upper curve of the neck should form a gentle backward “C” shape, with your ears positioned above your shoulders. Spending excessive time looking at screens can lead to a forward head posture, which may cause headaches, neck aches, shoulder pain, and even discomfort in the arms and fingers.

Thoracic Posture:

The middle curve of your spine, located where the ribs are, should form a shallow forward “C” shape. Exaggerated curvature in this area can restrict lung capacity, limit hip mobility, and cause pain along the ribs.

Lumbar Posture:

The lower curve of your spine, in the lumbar region, should have a gentle backward “C” shape. Maintaining this curve is crucial for both trunk stability and mobility. Excessive curvature or complete lumbar spine flattening can lead to various issues.

Evaluating Your Posture

To get a rough idea of your posture, try this simple test against a wall:

  1. Stand with your back against the wall, ensuring that your hips, shoulder blades, and the back of your head touch the wall.
  2. You should observe a slight hollow just above your hips, and your head should face forward, neither tilting up nor down.

While this test provides a basic assessment, achieving good posture involves more than just this position. We should consider individual variations in spinal curvature.

Should I Always Maintain the Same Posture?

Not at all! There is a saying in physiotherapy: “The best position is the next position.” While stability is essential, your spine also needs flexibility. Holding a rigid posture for extended periods can lead to muscle fatigue and other problems. It’s essential to find a balance between stability and movement.

Other Body Parts and Posture

Posture not only applies to the spine but also to other body parts. Here are a couple of examples:


Many people exhibit poor posture in their shoulders, often leaning forward while working. This forward shoulder position can strain the glenohumeral joint, neck nerves, and rotator cuff muscles. It may even restrict blood vessel circulation to the arms.


Foot posture plays a crucial role in overall posture. For most individuals, the feet should have two natural curves, including the arches. When these arches collapse, the feet roll inward, affecting the ankles, knees, and hips and impacting overall posture.

Improving Your Posture

The good news is that you can improve your posture with some effort and consistency. Here are a few tips to help you on your journey:

Learn Proper Posture

Educate yourself about correct posture and its key elements. Understand the natural curves of your spine and how to align your body in different positions.

Strengthen and Stretch

Strengthen the muscles that support good posture, such as the core, back, and shoulder muscles. Additionally, perform regular stretches to release muscle tension that may have become tight due to poor posture.

Practice Awareness

Throughout the day, check in with your posture. Be mindful of how you are sitting, standing, or moving. Correct any slouching or misalignments and readjust to a more optimal posture.

Gradual Adjustments

Make gradual adjustments to your posture to allow your body to adapt. Avoid sudden and extreme changes, which can cause discomfort or muscle strain.

Seek Professional Help

If you’re struggling with severe posture problems or chronic pain, consider consulting a healthcare professional, such as a physiotherapist. They can provide personalised guidance and exercises to address your specific needs.

Remember, improving your posture is a journey that requires practice and patience. While it may be more challenging as you age, there is always time to start. By investing time and effort into developing good posture habits, you can enjoy the long-term benefits of a healthier and more comfortable life.


1) Żurawski A, Śliwiński Z, Suliga E, et al; Effect of Thoracic Kyphosis and Lumbar Lordosis on the Distribution of Ground Reaction Forces on the Feet. Orthop. Res. Rev. May 2022

2) Peper E, Booiman A, Lin I-M, et al; Increase Strength and Mood with Posture. Biofeedback June 2016; 44 (2): 66–72

3)Awad S, Debatin T, Ziegler A; Embodiment: I sat, I felt, I performed – Posture effects on mood and cognitive performance. Acta Psychologica, July 2021

4) Fernandez-de-Las-Penas C, Alonso-Blanco C, Cuadrado ML, Pareja JA. Forward head posture and neck mobility in chronic tension-type headache: a blinded, controlled study. Cephalalgia. 2006 Mar;26(3):314-9.

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