Frequently Asked Questions


Welcome to our ACL FAQs guide, where we'll provide straightforward answers to your questions about ACL injuries. Discover what an ACL injury is and its main function in your knee. Learn about Level I ACL-risk sports and effective injury prevention strategies. Understand how ACL diagnoses are made and recognize the symptoms of a tear. Uncover insights on MRI scans for knee injuries and explore various treatment options, including whether surgery is necessary.

We'll also shed light on living without an ACL, the choice between reconstruction and exercise, and the best surgical approaches. Plus, find out what might happen if you opt out of surgery. Finally, gain valuable insights into post-ACL reconstruction rehabilitation and the role of ACL braces. Get ready to dive into the world of ACL injuries and solutions.

Common ACL Questions

Diagnosing ACL Injuries

ACL Treatment Options

ACL Surgical Reconstruction

Related Knee Injuries

ACL Products

Article by John Miller

Age and Neck Pain - Is Neck Pain More Common as You Get Older?

Is neck pain more common as you age?

Let's explore the factors that contribute to neck pain in older individuals.

As we age, our bodies undergo changes that can lead to neck discomfort. One primary reason for this is the wear and tear on the spine over time, which can result in age-related conditions like cervical spondylosis and degenerative disc disease, often causing neck pain. In addition, aging leads to reduced flexibility in muscles and ligaments, making the neck more susceptible to neck strain and discomfort.

Furthermore, daily habits and lifestyle choices play a significant role in neck health. Poor posture, a sedentary lifestyle, and excessive screen time are more common as we get older and can contribute to the onset or exacerbation of neck pain.

So, while neck pain isn't exclusive to older individuals, it undeniably becomes more prevalent in this demographic. The good news is that there are numerous strategies to mitigate and manage neck pain at any age. These strategies include maintaining good posture, staying physically active, and seeking advice from healthcare professionals such as your physiotherapist or doctor when necessary.

In conclusion, neck pain is not limited to any specific age group. However, it becomes more common as we age due to natural aging processes and lifestyle factors. By staying mindful of our neck health and adopting healthy habits, we can reduce the impact of age-related neck pain and enjoy better overall well-being.

More info: Neck Pain

Neck Pain Products & FAQs

Article by John Miller

Exercise FAQs - What Neck Exercises Can Help Alleviate Discomfort?

Neck discomfort can be a real pain in the...well, neck! Many people experience this issue due to various factors like poor posture, long hours of desk work, or even stress. The good news is that regular neck exercises can help alleviate this discomfort. Let's address some FAQs about neck exercises to get you started on the road to relief.

Why Should You Do Neck Exercises?

Neck exercises strengthen the muscles in your neck, shoulders, and upper back. This added strength can help support your head and reduce strain, ultimately alleviating discomfort or neck pain.

What Are Some Simple Neck Exercises You Can Do?

  1. Try Neck Rotations: Slowly turn your head to the left and then to the right, feeling a gentle stretch.
  2. Practice Neck Retractions: Sit or stand up straight, then pull your head backward as if making a double chin. Hold briefly and release.
  3. Perform Neck Tilts: Gently tilt your head to the side, bringing your ear toward your shoulder. Hold for a few seconds, then repeat on the other side.

How Often Should You Do These Exercises?

Aim for 5-10 minutes of neck exercises a few times a day, especially if you spend long hours at a desk.

Can Neck Exercises Help with Tension Headaches?

Yes, they can! Tension headaches are often related to neck and shoulder tension. Regular exercises can reduce this tension, decreasing the frequency and intensity of tension headaches.

Is There a Risk of Injury with Neck Exercises?

When you do these neck exercises correctly and slowly, they are generally safe. However, avoid sudden, jerky movements and excessive force. If you experience pain while doing these exercises, stop immediately and consult your physiotherapist. Other exercise may be appropriate for you.

What Other Habits Can You Adopt to Prevent Neck Discomfort?

  1. Maintain good posture while sitting and standing.
  2. Take short breaks from your desk work to stretch and move.
  3. Adjust your workspace ergonomically to minimise strain.

How Soon Can You Expect to See Results?

The time it takes to feel relief varies from person to person. Some may notice improvement in a few hours or days, while others may take a few weeks. Consistency is key.


In conclusion, neck exercises are a valuable tool for alleviating discomfort in the neck and upper back. Seek the advice from your physiotherapist for the best exercises for you. Start incorporating them into your daily routine, and you'll be on your way to a more comfortable and pain-free neck in no time. So, what are you waiting for? Begin those neck exercises today and feel the difference!

More info: Neck Pain

Neck Pain Products & FAQs

Article by John Miller

How Your Daily Habits Affect Neck Health

In our busy lives, we often underestimate the significance of maintaining good neck health. We tend to take our neck for granted until it begins to ache or stiffen. However, our daily habits play a significant role in determining our neck's health. In this article, I'll discuss how the way we conduct our daily routines can impact this crucial part of our anatomy.

1. Posture Matters

Your posture holds more importance than you might think. Slouching while sitting at your desk or hunching over your phone can strain the neck muscles, causing pain and discomfort. Maintaining an upright posture with your head in a neutral position is key to reducing the risk of neck problems.

More info: Posture Improvement Tips

2. Screen Time and Text Neck

In this digital age, we spend countless hours staring at screens. Whether it's a computer at work or a smartphone for leisure, prolonged screen time can result in what's known as "text neck." Holding your head down to look at a screen for extended periods can place extra stress on your neck. Make it a habit to take regular breaks and stretch your neck and shoulders.

3. Sleep Position

The way you sleep can significantly impact your neck health. Using an inappropriate pillow or sleeping in an awkward position can lead to neck pain. Opt for a supportive pillow and ensure that your neck and head align with your spine for a more restful night's sleep.

More info:

4. Carrying Heavy Bags

If you regularly carry a heavy backpack or handbag slung over one shoulder, you're putting an uneven load on your neck. Over time, this can lead to muscle strain and discomfort. Distribute the weight evenly or use a backpack with adjustable straps to maintain better neck health.

5. Stay Active

Regular physical activity is crucial for overall well-being, and it also benefits your neck. Exercises that strengthen the neck and upper back can help maintain proper posture and reduce the risk of stiffness or pain.

For specific neck and upper back strengthening exercises, please consult your trusted physiotherapist.

6. Stay Hydrated

Dehydration can lead to muscle cramps and tension in the neck area. Ensure you drink an adequate amount of water daily to keep your neck muscles functioning optimally.

In Conclusion

Your daily habits directly impact the health of your neck. By paying attention to your posture, screen time, sleep position, bag-carrying habits, staying active, and staying hydrated, you can significantly reduce the risk of neck-related discomfort. Small changes in your daily routine can lead to a big improvement in your neck health, allowing you to enjoy a pain-free and comfortable life.

More info: Neck Pain

Neck Pain Products & FAQs

Article by John Miller

Medication FAQs - When Is Medication Necessary for Neck Pain?

Neck pain can be a real bother, disrupting your daily life and causing discomfort. Many people wonder when they should turn to medication as part of their treatment plan. Here, we will explore some frequently asked questions about using medication for neck pain.

What Types of Medication Do Doctors Commonly Recommend for Neck Pain?

Your doctor may recommend medications to manage your neck pain, depending on the underlying cause. These may include over-the-counter pain relievers such as ibuprofen or paracetamol, muscle relaxants, and in some cases, prescription medications for more severe pain.

When Should You Consider Using Medication for Neck Pain?

Consider using medication when neck pain is moderate to severe or when it significantly affects your daily functioning. Medications can be especially helpful when you need temporary relief to make rehabilitation exercises or physiotherapy more manageable.

How Do Over-the-Counter Medications Alleviate Neck Pain?

Over-the-counter pain relievers like ibuprofen reduce inflammation and may alleviate pain. Over-the-counter medication may provide relief from mild to moderate neck pain but should be used according to the recommended dosage.

What Are Muscle Relaxants, and When Do Doctors Prescribe Them?

Doctors may prescribe muscle relaxants when muscle tension or spasms cause neck pain. These medications work by relaxing the muscles, providing relief from discomfort. However, they should only be used as directed by a healthcare professional.

Are Prescription Medications Necessary for Managing Neck Pain?

No. But, in more severe cases, doctors may deem prescription medications necessary. Opioids and stronger pain relievers are reserved for instances where other treatments have proven ineffective. It's crucial to use these under close medical supervision due to the risk of dependency.

Can Medication Alone Resolve Neck Pain?

Medication alone is usually not a long-term solution. It should be part of a comprehensive treatment plan that may include physiotherapy, exercise, and lifestyle adjustments. Treating the underlying cause is vital for lasting relief.

What Risks and Side Effects Accompany Neck Pain Medications?

Medications can have side effects, including gastrointestinal issues, dizziness, or drowsiness. You should discuss these risks with your doctor, especially if you have existing health conditions or are taking other medications.


In conclusion, doctors commonly recommend medications to manage moderate to severe neck pain that affects your daily functioning. Remember that medication should be part of a broader treatment strategy, and addressing the root cause of your neck pain is vital for long-term relief and improved quality of life.

For specific advice, please consult your doctor or physiotherapist.

More info: Neck Pain

Neck Pain Products & FAQs

Article by John Miller

Neck Pain Prevention

A Comprehensive Guide to a Pain-Free Neck

Neck pain can be a persistent, uncomfortable companion for many of us, especially in today's digital age where we spend hours hunched over screens. The good news is that you don't have to resign yourself to this discomfort. By taking proactive steps and incorporating some simple changes into your daily routine, you can significantly reduce the risk of developing neck pain.

Prioritise Posture

Maintaining good posture is fundamental in preventing neck pain. Whether you're working at a desk or relaxing on the couch, sit up straight and ensure that your computer monitor is at eye level. Avoid the common habit of cradling your phone between your ear and shoulder, as this can lead to unnecessary strain on your neck muscles. By keeping your neck in alignment with your spine, you can reduce the risk of chronic pain.

Read more: Posture Improvement Tips

Exercise for Neck Health

Regular exercise is crucial for overall well-being, and it plays a vital role in neck pain prevention. Engaging in activities that strengthen the muscles supporting your neck can make a significant difference. Yoga and swimming are excellent choices, as they not only provide a good workout but also encourage proper neck alignment. Additionally, performing neck-specific stretching exercises can help maintain flexibility and reduce the likelihood of pain.

More info: Neck Exercises

Neck Physiotherapy Exercises

Your neck physiotherapist is skilled at assessing deficits in your neck posture, neck muscle strength and flexibility. After your assessment, they will prescribe your specific exercises to normalise your neck function with the ultimate aim being neck pain prevention.

neck pain prevention
Neck Pain Prevention

Ergonomics at Work and Home

Your workspace ergonomics plays a pivotal role in neck health. Investing in an ergonomic chair and adjusting your desk to the right height can promote better posture and reduce the strain on your neck. If you spend significant time on the phone, consider using a headset for prolonged calls to avoid holding the phone between your shoulder and ear, which can cause discomfort.

More info: Ergonomics

Bag It Right

Avoid carrying heavy bags on one shoulder, as this can lead to uneven weight distribution and put unnecessary strain on your neck and back. Instead, opt for a backpack or a bag with a crossbody strap to evenly distribute the load.

Stress Management

Stress is a known contributor to muscle tension, including neck pain. To prevent this, practice relaxation techniques like deep breathing, meditation, or progressive muscle relaxation. By managing stress effectively, you can reduce the likelihood of neck pain episodes. Consider a regular relaxation massage to stay on top of your symptoms.

Remember that neck pain prevention is within your control. By following these guidelines and making small but significant changes, you can prioritise your well-being and maintain a healthy, pain-free neck. Don't let neck pain become a constant companion in your life. Instead, embrace a proactive approach to keep your neck comfortable and free from discomfort. Your future self will thank you for the effort you invest today.

More info: Neck Pain

Neck Pain Products & FAQs

Article by John Miller

Good Neck Posture

Maintaining healthy neck posture is increasingly important in today's screen-centric lifestyle. This comprehensive guide, informed by a seasoned physiotherapist, offers invaluable advice and insights for alleviating neck pain and enhancing posture.

Understanding Good Neck Posture

Key to neck health is maintaining its natural curve. This alignment is crucial for supporting the head and ensuring spinal wellbeing. A well-aligned neck efficiently distributes the head's weight, reducing strain.

Common Causes of Poor Neck Posture

Everyday habits often lead to poor neck posture:

Prolonged Sitting:

Hours in front of a computer can lead to slouching and neck strain.

Read more: Workstation Setup.

Frequent Gadget Use:

Constantly looking down at phones and tablets strains the neck muscles.

Read more: Text Neck

Incorrect Sleeping Positions:

Unsupportive pillows and awkward sleeping positions can disrupt neck alignment.

Read more: What's the Best Pillow for You?

Recognising Symptoms of Bad Posture

Early detection of poor neck posture can avert chronic problems. Common symptoms include:

  • Neck stiffness and discomfort
  • Frequent headaches
  • Numbness or tingling in the arms
good neck posture
Good Neck Posture

Tips for Posture Improvement

Implementing these strategies can significantly enhance neck posture:

  1. Workspace Adjustment: Position your screen at eye level to encourage a neutral head position.
  2. Mindful Gadget Use: Keep your phone at eye level to reduce neck bending.
  3. Regular Neck Exercises: Strengthening your neck muscles supports better posture.
  4. Proper Sleep Support: Choose a pillow that maintains your neck's natural curve and sleep in a supportive position.

Seeking Professional Help

If neck pain persists, consulting a physiotherapist is crucial. They can provide personalised exercises and treatments tailored to your specific condition.


Good neck posture is essential for overall health. Simple lifestyle changes, along with professional guidance, can lead to significant improvements in neck health and overall wellbeing. Remember, taking care of your neck is an investment in your long-term health.

Article by John Miller

Neck Surgery FAQs - When Should You Consider Neck Surgery?

Neck pain can be debilitating, and understandably, many people find the prospect of surgery intimidating. However, surgeons consider neck surgery a viable option for addressing persistent problems. In this article, we will explore some frequently asked questions about neck surgery, shedding light on when you should consider it as a potential solution.

What Conditions Might Necessitate Neck Surgery?

Neck surgery becomes necessary when conservative treatments, such as physiotherapy and medications, fail to alleviate pain and other neurological or instability symptoms. Surgeons may recommend surgery for neck fractures or common conditions like herniated discs, spinal stenosis, and cervical radiculopathy.

How Do You Make the Decision?

You, your spinal surgeon and other healthcare providers will make the decision for neck surgery collaboratively. It involves a thorough assessment of your medical history, the severity of your symptoms, and diagnostic tests like MRI or CT scans. Plus, an comprehensive discussion regarding the pros and cons.

Are There Non-Surgical Alternatives?

Yes, before opting for surgery, you typically explore non-surgical alternatives. These may include pain management techniques, physiotherapy, lifestyle modifications, and medications. Surgery is generally only considered when these methods do not provide adequate relief.

What Are the Different Types of Neck Surgeries?

Surgeons perform several surgical procedures for neck issues. Common ones include cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF), cervical disc replacement, and laminectomy. The choice of surgery depends on your specific condition and your needs.

How Long Does the Recovery Period Last?

The recovery period after neck surgery varies depending on the procedure performed and your overall health. In general, you can expect to wear a neck brace for a certain duration and undergo physiotherapy to regain strength and mobility. The reality is that your successful rehabilitation will take many months.

What Are the Risks Involved?

Like any surgical procedure, neck surgery carries certain risks. These risks can include infection, bleeding, nerve damage, paralysis or a less-than-ideal outcome. Your surgeon will thoroughly discuss the potential risks and benefits with you.

Can Neck Surgery Guarantee Pain Relief?

While neck surgery aims to alleviate pain and improve function, it cannot guarantee complete pain relief for every patient. The degree of improvement varies from person to person. The goal is to enhance your quality of life and reduce discomfort.

Is Neck Surgery the Last Resort?

Neck surgery is not necessarily a last resort, but it is often considered after other treatments have been exhausted. However, in some urgent cases, like severe spinal cord compression, surgeons may recommend surgery as the immediate course of action.


In conclusion, surgeons consider neck surgery a viable option for addressing significant and persistent neck conditions, but it's not the first step in the treatment process. Your healthcare providers will guide you through the decision-making process to ensure the best possible outcome for your neck health.

More info: Neck Pain

Neck Pain Products & FAQs

Article by John Miller

Stretching FAQs - How Can Stretching Benefit Your Neck Health?

Neck and upper torso stretching is a practice that often escapes our notice, but it holds a treasure trove of benefits for our overall well-being. In this article, I will address some frequently asked questions (FAQs) about stretching and explore how it can significantly enhance your neck health.

Why is Neck Health Important?

Maintaining good neck health is crucial because our necks bear the weight of our head, which averages 4.5 to 5.5 kilograms. A healthy neck supports the prevention of various issues like neck pain, stiffness, and headaches.

How Does Stretching Benefit Neck Health?

Stretching can work wonders for your neck. It improves flexibility, increases blood flow, and reduces muscle tension. All these factors contribute to a healthier, pain-free neck.

Are There Specific Neck Stretches?

Yes, indeed. Various neck stretches target different areas. One example is gently tilting your head from side to side to stretch the neck muscles. Another is the chin-to-chest stretch, which elongates the back of your neck. But, neck flexibility is unique to the indiviudal so seek the best stretching exercises for yuor from your trusted neck physiotherapist.

When and How Often Should You Stretch Your Neck?

You can stretch your neck anytime, but it is especially beneficial after prolonged periods of sitting or working at a computer. Physiotherapist generally recommend regular neck stretching, holding each stretch for 15-30 seconds and repeating it 2-3 times.

Can Stretching Prevent Neck Pain?

Stretching can play a significant role in preventing neck pain. It reduces the tension that can cause discomfort. However, if you have chronic neck issues, you should consult your pohysiotherapist for tailored advice.

Should You Warm Up Before Neck Stretching?

Warming up is a good practice before initiating any stretching routine. A brief walk or some light shoulder rolls can prepare your muscles for safe and effective neck stretching. Even the passive heat of a warm shower or heat pack can ease you into neck stretches with less discomfort.

What Precautions Should You Take?

When stretching your neck, be gentle, and never force the movement. Avoid any jerking or sudden motions that could lead to injury. If you experience pain during a stretch, stop immediately. Seek the opinion of your physiothrapist if neck stretches aggravate your symptoms.

Can Stretching Replace Medical Treatment for Neck Problems?

While stretching is beneficial, it is not a substitute for medical treatment when you have a serious neck issue. Always consult a healthcare professional for proper diagnosis and treatment.


In conclusion, stretching is a simple yet potent way to enhance your neck health. It alleviates tension, improves flexibility, and prevents discomfort. Incorporating neck stretches into your daily routine can lead to a happier, healthier neck. So, remember to take a moment to stretch your neck, and your body will thank you.

More info: Neck Pain

Neck Pain Products & FAQs

Article by John Miller

Understanding TMJ: Frequently Asked Questions

What Causes TMJ

What is TMJ?

The temporomandibular joint (TMJ) is the joint that connects your jawbone to your skull. TMJ disorders, or TMD, refer to a range of conditions that cause pain and discomfort in the jaw joint and muscles that control jaw movement. More info: TMJ Dysfunction.

What are the common symptoms of TMJ disorders?

TMJ disorders can lead to various symptoms, including jaw pain, difficulty opening or closing the mouth, clicking or popping sounds when chewing or talking, jaw headaches, earaches, and neck pain.

What causes TMJ disorders?

The exact cause of TMJ disorders isn't always straightforward. However, factors like jaw injuries, teeth loss, arthritis, teeth grinding (bruxism), facial muscle stress, poor posture, and certain medical conditions can contribute to developing TMJ issues. Clicking and locking jaw involves an articular disc derangement.

How are TMJ disorders diagnosed?

A dentist, TMJ physiotherapist or a Craniomandibular specialist will typically examine your jaw and listen for clicking or popping sounds when you move it. X-rays, CT scans, and MRIs may provide a detailed view of the joint and surrounding structures. But, most TMJ radiological changes will only become apparent in chronic cases. How your jaw is aligned at it opens is an important diagnostic and treatment guide.

What can I do at home to alleviate TMJ pain?

Applying moist heat packs to your jaw muscles, practising relaxation techniques to reduce stress, eating soft foods, avoiding gum chewing, and maintaining good posture can help manage TMJ pain at home. Avoiding over-clenching and practising full opening exercises and facial muscle massage are helpful.

When should I seek professional help for TMJ issues?

If you experience persistent or worsening pain in your jaw joint, headaches, clicking or difficulty opening or closing your mouth, or if your symptoms interfere with daily activities, you should consult a dentist or a TMJ physiotherapist for proper evaluation and treatment.

What are the treatment options for TMJ disorders?

Treatment varies based on the severity and cause of the condition. It can include self-care measures like rest and gentle jaw exercises, pain relievers, muscle relaxants, dental splints or mouthguards, TMJ physiotherapy, and in severe cases, surgery. In some instances crowns and bridges can improve teeth alignment, which improve your TMJ resting posture. Most cases do not require surgery.

Can TMJ disorders be prevented?

While some factors are beyond your control, such as genetics, there are steps you can take to reduce your risk. Avoid excessive gum or pen lid chewing, practice good posture, manage stress effectively, and wear protective mouthguards if you tend to grind your teeth. Gentle preventative exercises can also be prescribed by your TMJ physiotherapist.

How can a dentist help with TMJ issues?

Dentists can thoroughly assess your condition, offer guidance on pain management techniques, recommend appropriate treatments, and create custom-fitted oral appliances to alleviate symptoms and prevent teeth grinding. Oral plates assist with the resting posture of your TMJs so is probably the most effective

Are there any complications associated with untreated TMJ disorders?

If left untreated, TMJ disorders can lead to significant and permanent arthritis joint changes, articular disc degradation, chronic pain, difficulty eating, worsening teeth grinding, and even changes in the alignment of your teeth and jaw.

How can a physiotherapist assist with TMJ issues?

Physiotherapists play a crucial role in managing TMJ disorders by focusing on the muscles and joints involved in jaw movement. A TMJ physiotherapist' s strength is the improvement in the symmetrical motion of your TMJs to fully open and close. They use a range of techniques to help alleviate pain and improve jaw function:

Manual Therapy

Physiotherapists use hands-on techniques to manipulate and mobilise the jaw joint, helping to restore its normal range of motion and reduce discomfort.


Physiotherapists can design specific exercises to strengthen and stretch the muscles around the jaw. These exercises help improve jaw stability, reduce muscle tension, and enhance overall jaw function.

Posture Correction

Poor posture can contribute to TMJ issues. A physiotherapist can assess your posture and guide you on maintaining proper alignment, which can help alleviate strain on the jaw joint.

Relaxation Techniques

Stress and tension often exacerbate TMJ problems. Physiotherapists can teach relaxation techniques, such as deep breathing and mindfulness, to help manage stress and reduce muscle tension in the jaw area.

Pain Management

Physiotherapists can use various modalities, such as ultrasound, heat therapy, or electrical stimulation, to help manage pain and inflammation in the jaw joint and surrounding muscles.


A physiotherapist can provide valuable instruction about proper jaw mechanics, ergonomics, and habits that might contribute to TMJ issues. They can guide you on how to modify your daily activities to reduce strain on the jaw.


Physiotherapists often work collaboratively with dentists, orthodontists, and other healthcare professionals to create a comprehensive treatment plan that addresses TMJ disorders' structural and functional aspects.

Incorporating physiotherapy into your TMJ treatment plan can enhance your overall recovery by targeting muscle imbalances, improving joint mobility, and providing you with tools to manage pain and stress effectively. It's advisable to consult with a qualified TMJ physiotherapist who has experience in treating jaw pain issues to receive personalised care tailored to your needs.


In conclusion, TMJ disorders can cause discomfort and interfere with daily life. However, with proper care and treatment, many people find relief from their symptoms. Suppose you're experiencing persistent jaw pain or related symptoms. In that case, it's wise to consult your dentist or a TMJ physiotherapist for a thorough assessment and guidance tailored to your situation.

TMJ & Jaw Pain FAQs

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