Muscle Strain

john miller physiotherapist

Article by John Miller

Muscle Pain

Muscle Strain

Sore muscles and muscle aches are a common symptom post-exercise. However, when you hear reports of muscle spasms, muscle strain, pulled muscle, or a torn muscle then there has been a significant muscle injury.

Muscle pain - no matter how you describe it -  "pulled muscle", "muscle strain", "muscle injury" or "torn muscle" the end result is muscle injury, potentially resulting in muscle spasms, pain, weakness and reduced muscle performance.

Muscle Strain Symptoms?

You can suspect a muscle strain or injury if you experience:

  • muscle tightness
  • bruising
  • weakness
  • inability to fully stretch your injured muscle.

Muscle Strain Treatment

Muscle pain can be caused by any muscle strain, injury or tear. The most common are the high speed and load muscles such as your hamstrings, thigh (quadriceps), calf, back and biceps. Muscle tears can range from a mild strain (grade one), moderate strain (grade two) to a severe strain or complete rupture (grade three).

Treatment options vary depending on the severity of your strain or tear. Until you’ve been accurately diagnosed, use the following guidelines:

  • Ice and a compression bandage.
  • Elevate the region if it is swollen.
  • If it’s painful to walk you should be using crutches.
  • Reduce your training to a level where you feel no pain.

Seek the advice of your Physiotherapist or Massage Therapist.

When to Seek Physiotherapy Treatment?

Returning to sport can be easy or complicated depending on the muscle affected. Some muscle tears such as hamstrings are notoriously difficult to get right. That's when it is very important to seek professional assistance.

Ideally, your physiotherapist should undertake at least:

  • an assessment of your muscle function, core stability and biomechanics to avoid injury recurrence.
  • a remedial massage or sports massage to ensure that any scar tissue doesn’t clump.
  • a muscle rehabilitation program that incorporates components of strength, endurance, flexibility and speed that is specific to your chosen sport.
  • a neural tissue dynamics assessment to ensure that no nerve tissue has become entrapped in the scar tissue.
  • application of a heat retainer to the area when you return to sport.
  • application ice therapy after any training sessions. 

If you suffer a muscle tear which fails to respond after a few days or continues to niggle, please contact PhysioWorks for more specific advice.

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Common Sources of Muscle Strain and Pain

For more information about specific muscle strains and sources of muscle pain, please click the links below:

  • Achilles Tendon Rupture
  • Achilles Tendonitis / Tendinitis
  • Back Muscle Pain
  • Calf Muscle Tear
  • Corked Thigh
  • Cramps
  • DOMS - Delayed Onset Muscle Soreness
  • Fibromyalgia
  • Golfers Elbow
  • Groin Strain
  • Hamstring Strain
  • Muscle Strain (Muscle Pain)
  • Neck Headache
  • Overuse Injuries
  • Poor Hip Core
  • Rheumatoid Arthritis
  • Rotator Cuff Tear
  • RSI - Repetitive Strain Injury
  • Shin Splints
  • Side Strain (Abdominal)
  • Thigh Strain
  • muscle strain

    Muscle Pain Treatment

    Muscle strain treatment will vary on an individual case basis. The following muscle treatment options are commonly recommended:

  • Early Injury Treatment
  • Avoid the HARM Factors
  • What to do after a Muscle Strain or Ligament Sprain?
  • Acupuncture and Dry Needling
  • Sub-Acute Soft Tissue Injury Treatment
  • Closed Kinetic Chain Exercises
  • Active Foot Posture Correction Exercises
  • Gait Analysis
  • Biomechanical Analysis
  • Balance Enhancement Exercises
  • Proprioception & Balance Exercises
  • Agility & Sport-Specific Exercises
  • Medications?
  • Soft Tissue Massage
  • Walking Boot
  • Brace or Support
  • Electrotherapy & Local Modalities
  • Heat Packs
  • Kinesiology Tape
  • Neurodynamics
  • Prehabilitation
  • Running Analysis
  • Strength Exercises
  • Stretching Exercises
  • Supportive Taping & Strapping
  • TENS Machine
  • Video Analysis
  • Yoga
  • FAQs about Muscle Pain, Tears & Strains

  • Common Physiotherapy Treatment Techniques
  • What is Pain?
  • Physiotherapy & Exercise
  • Which PhysioWorks Clinics Offer Remedial Massage?
  • How Does Massage Help You?
  • Massage Styles and their Benefits
  • How Does Kinesiology Tape Reduce Swelling?
  • What Causes Post-Exercise Muscular Pain?
  • Heat Packs. Why does heat feel so good?
  • Post-Run Soreness: Should You Be Concerned?
  • Rotator Cuff: What is it?
  • Running Recovery: 6 Helpful Tips
  • Sports Injury? What to do? When?
  • What are Common Adolescent / Children Leg Injuries?
  • What are the Common Massage Therapy Techniques?
  • What are the Early Warning Signs of an Injury?
  • What is a TENS Machine?
  • What is Chronic Pain?
  • What is Musculoskeletal Physiotherapy?
  • What is Nerve Pain?
  • What is Sports Physiotherapy?
  • What to expect when you visit PhysioWorks?
  • What's the Benefit of Stretching Exercises?
  • When is the Best Time for a Pre-Event Massage?
  • When is the Best Time for Your Post-Event Recovery Massage?
  • Buy Helpful Products for Muscle Pain

    Muscle Tears

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    Last updated 12-May-2017 01:38 PM

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