Calf pain is a common occurrence in sports that include running, jumping, hopping and landing activities. Your calf muscle group essentially consists of two muscles (gastrocnemius and soleus) that attach to your Achilles tendon.
Calf injuries can occur in both muscle and tendon structures. They are commonly caused by excessive forces during explosive contraction, eccentric control loading or when your calf muscles fatigue.
Your calf muscles protect your shin bone from the rear and both sides. However, excessive load through your shin bone (tibia) can result in shin pain and its related injuries.
Common Sources of Calf Pain
Referred Calf Pain
Calf pain is a
Sciatica is a condition caused by a pinched nerve in your lower back. Fortunately, it can usually be treated successfully with physiotherapy. The occasional patient requires spinal surgery.
Deep Venous Thrombosis (DVT)
DVT's are the most serious concerns and can result in pulmonary embolism (PE), stroke or potentially death! Your calf pain should be excluded
Symptoms and signs of Calf DVT include:
- Calf swelling & pain
- Redness & Warmth to the touch
- Worsening leg pain when bending the foot and toes backwards
- Leg cramps (especially at night and/or in the calf)
- Skin discolouration
Risk factors for DVT/PE include:
- Prolonged sitting or immobility
- Recent surgery
- Recent trauma to the lower body
- Heart attack or heart failure
- Pregnancy or recent childbirth
- High Altitudes
- Oestrogen therapy or birth control pills
- Advanced age
- Medical conditions that affect the veins
If you suspect a DVT or PE, please urgently consult your doctor or physiotherapist to assess and exclude a DVT or PE.
Calf Pain Treatment
With accurate assessment and early treatment, most calf pain responds extremely quickly to physiotherapy allowing you to quickly resume pain-free and normal activities of daily living.
Please ask you physiotherapist for their professional treatment advice.
Calf Pain Treatment Options
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Calf Pain FAQs
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