Retrocalcaneal Bursitis

john miller physiotherapist

Article by John Miller

What is Retrocalcaneal Bursitis?

Retrocalcaneal bursitis is the most common heel bursitis.

retrocalcaneal bursitis

Retrocalcaneal bursitis is inflammation of the bursa (a small, cushioning sac located where tendons pass over areas of bone around the joints), which lies over your heel (calcaneum) where your Achilles tendon inserts. 

What is Bursitis?

What are Retrocalcaneal Bursitis Symptoms?

One or more of the following symptoms may be experienced:

  • Pain and swelling occurring over the rear your heel.
  • Pain when your are leaning on your heel eg sitting with heels on the ground.
  • Increased pain when using your calf muscles.eg running, walking, calf raises 

What Causes Retrocalcaneal Bursitis?

The retrocalcaneal bursa may be inflamed by your Achilles tendon rubbing over the bursa and causing friction against the heel bone. This injury can occur traumatically from a fall or a sport-related impact contusion.

It can also be a case of gradual onset via a repetitive trauma to the bursa from activities as running and jumping (with poor muscles control or technique), or excessive loading on your heel.

It is also a secondary injury associated with chronic conditions such as:

How is Retrocalcaneal Bursitis Diagnosed?

Your physiotherapist or doctor will provide you with an assessment of your medical history and a physical examination of your heel and ankle. A hallmark sign is swelling or tenderness of your heel around the insertion of your Achilles tendon.

Diagnosis can also be confirmed by medical imaging techniques that include ultrasound scan & MRI.

What is Retrocalcaneal Bursitis Treatment?

Ice

Bursitis is an inflammed bursa. Daily application of ice packs is highly recommended to reduce your pain and swelling.

Medications

NSAIDs or anti-inflammatory drugs (i.e. ibuprofen). Use of these medications should be discussed with your doctor.

Corticosteroid Injections

Single injection of a corticosteroid with a local anaesthetic into the bursa may be required to stimulate your healing response. It is preferable to have this injection using ultrasound guidance.

Olecranon Bursitis Treatment

PHASE I - Pain Relief & Protection

Managing your pain. Pain is the main reason that you seek treatment for retrocalcaneal bursitis. In truth, it was actually the final symptom that you developed and should be the first symptom to improve.

Managing your inflammation. Bursa inflammation it best eased via ice therapy and techniques or exercises that de-load the inflamed structures.

Your physiotherapist will use an array of treatment tools to reduce your pain and inflammation. These include: ice, electrotherapy, acupuncture, de-loading taping techniques, soft tissue massage etc.

PHASE II - Restoring Normal ROM, Strength

As your pain and inflammation settles, your physiotherapist will turn their attention to restoring your normal ankle joint range of motion, muscle length and resting tension, muscle strength, endurance and proprioception.

Please ask your physio for their advice.

PHASE III - Restoring Full Function

The final stage of your rehabilitation is aimed at returning you to your desired activities. Everyone has different demands for their lower limbs that will determine what specific treatment goals you need to achieve.

Your physiotherapist will tailor your elbow rehabilitation to help you achieve your own functional goals.

PHASE IV - Preventing a Recurrence

Retrocalcaneal bursitis can return is you annoy your bursa. The main reason it is thought to recur is due to insufficient rehabilitation or not understanding your condition.

Retrocalcaneal Bursitis Surgery

Surgery is not a common path. However, in persistent cases, removal of the bursa - known as a bursectomy - can be performed.

How Can You Prevent Retrocalcaneal Bursitis?

Muscle weakness or fatigue is a potential cause of retrocalcaneal bursitis. So addressing your strength and endurance is necessary to avoid a recurrence.

What Results Can You Expect for Retrocalcaneal Bursitis?

While some people can respond quickly to physiotherapy treatment within a few weeks, more chronic cases where an Achilles tendinopathy, plantar fasciitis, heel spur or other lower limb injury co-exists, can require a few months to achieve recovery.

Retrocalcaneal bursitis is successfully managed in the vast majority over a period of approximately six weeks. It is important to not stop your rehabilitation exercises as soon as you pain abates. Hydrocortisone injections may be helpful in the short-term to reduce the inflammatory response within the bursa.

Please follow the advice of your physiotherapist or doctor.

If you have any specific questions, please ask them.

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Helpful Products for Retrocalcaneal Bursitis

Heel Spurs

Related Injuries

General Information

Heel Pain

Traumatic Ankle Ligament Injuries

Tendinopathies/Fasciopathies

Foot Injuries

Bone Stress Injuries

Degenerative Conditions

Soft Tissue Inflammation

Biomechanical Conditions

Nerve-Related Sources


Potential Retrocalcaneal Bursitis Treatments

  • Early Injury Treatment
  • Avoid the HARM Factors
  • Acupuncture and Dry Needling
  • Sub-Acute Soft Tissue Injury Treatment
  • Closed Kinetic Chain Exercises
  • Biomechanical Analysis
  • Balance Enhancement Exercises
  • Proprioception & Balance Exercises
  • Agility & Sport-Specific Exercises
  • Medications?
  • Soft Tissue Massage
  • Brace or Support
  • Bursitis Treatment
  • Electrotherapy & Local Modalities
  • Heat Packs
  • Kinesiology Tape
  • Neurodynamics
  • Physiotherapy Instrument Mobilisation (PIM)
  • Prehabilitation
  • Strength Exercises
  • Stretching Exercises
  • Supportive Taping & Strapping
  • TENS Machine
  • Video Analysis
  • FAQs about Retrocalcaneal Bursitis

  • Common Physiotherapy Treatment Techniques
  • What is Pain?
  • Physiotherapy & Exercise
  • How Does Kinesiology Tape Reduce Swelling?
  • What Causes Post-Exercise Muscular Pain?
  • Heat Packs. Why does heat feel so good?
  • Sports Injury? What to do? When?
  • What are Growing Pains?
  • What are the Early Warning Signs of an Injury?
  • What Can You Do To Help Arthritis?
  • What is a TENS Machine?
  • What is Chronic Pain?
  • What is Musculoskeletal Physiotherapy?
  • What is Nerve Pain?
  • What is Sports Physiotherapy?
  • What to expect when you visit PhysioWorks?
  • What's the Benefit of Stretching Exercises?
  • Call PhysioWorks

    Book Online


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    Last updated 21-Jun-2017 04:37 PM

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