Groin Strain

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Article by J. MillerZ. Russell

What Causes Groin Pain?

Groin strain

Groin pain is commonly caused by a groin strain, groin hernia or another groin injury. 

What is a Groin Strain?

A groin strain is a muscular tear or rupture to any one of your groin muscles; usually one of the hip adductor muscle group. Your body has five adductor muscles: adductor brevis, longus, magnus, pectineus and gracilis. Any of these groin muscles can be strained but the most common is adductor longus. A groin strain usually occurs with high-speed activities such as kicking, change of direction or sprinting. 

What are the Symptoms of Groin Strain?

  • Groin pain and tenderness.
  • Muscles spasm or tightness in your groin muscles.
  • Pain on a stretch of your groin muscles. 
  • Groin pain during groin muscle contraction - thigh squeeze.

How is Groin Strain Diagnosed?

It is important to accurately diagnoses the source of your groin pain.  While groin pain most commonly is associated with a groin muscle injury, you can also experience groin pain from a hernia and other origins.A physical examination from your physiotherapist can usually identify the groin muscle that has been injured. If a hernia is suspected, you may be advised to be assessed by your doctor or a groin surgeon.

MRI and ultrasound investigations can be used to specifically identify the location and extent of a groin injury.

Depending on their severity, groin strains are graded 1, 2, or 3.

  • Grade 1 strains are a mild injury. 
  • Grade 2 strains are a moderate severity injury, which may moderately affect your sporting performance and ability to walk.
  • Grade 3 strains are severe and will affect your ability to run, jump and hop. These injuries may require surgical intervention.

A partial rupture of the adductor muscles will often lead to inflammation of the groin or a tendinopathy after the initial rupture has healed.

More detailed information on the best rehabilitation for your groin strain is available from your physiotherapist.

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Common Groin Pain Treatment

  • Early Injury Treatment
  • Avoid the HARM Factors
  • Soft Tissue Injury? What are the Healing Phases?
  • What to do after a Muscle Strain or Ligament Sprain?
  • Acupuncture and Dry Needling
  • Sub-Acute Soft Tissue Injury Treatment
  • Core Exercises
  • Gait Analysis
  • Biomechanical Analysis
  • Balance Enhancement Exercises
  • Proprioception & Balance Exercises
  • Agility & Sport-Specific Exercises
  • Medications?
  • Soft Tissue Massage
  • Brace or Support
  • Dry Needling
  • Electrotherapy & Local Modalities
  • Heat Packs
  • Kinesiology Tape
  • Neurodynamics
  • Prehabilitation
  • Strength Exercises
  • Stretching Exercises
  • Supportive Taping & Strapping
  • TENS Machine
  • Video Analysis
  • Yoga
  • Helpful Products for Groin Muscle Strains

    Adductor Muscle Strain

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    Related Groin Injuries

    General Information

    Hip Joint Pain

    Lateral Hip Pain

    Adductor-related Groin Pain

    Pubic-related Groin Pain

    Inguinal-related Groin Pain

    • Inguinal hernia
    • Sportsman's hernia

    Iliopsoas-related Groin Pain

    • Hip Flexor Strain

    Other Muscle-related Pain

    Systemic Diseases

    Referred Sources

    Hip Surgery


    FAQ's about Groin Pain & Strain

  • Common Physiotherapy Treatment Techniques
  • What is Pain?
  • Physiotherapy & Exercise
  • When Should Diagnostic Tests Be Performed?
  • Massage Styles and their Benefits
  • What Causes Post-Exercise Muscular Pain?
  • Can Kinesiology Taping Reduce Your Swelling and Bruising?
  • Heat Packs. Why does heat feel so good?
  • How Can You Prevent a Future Leg Injury?
  • How Much Treatment Will You Need?
  • Post-Run Soreness: Should You Be Concerned?
  • Sports Injury? What to do? When?
  • What are the Common Massage Therapy Techniques?
  • What are the Early Warning Signs of an Injury?
  • What is a TENS Machine?
  • What is Chronic Pain?
  • What is Nerve Pain?
  • What is Sports Physiotherapy?
  • What's the Benefit of Stretching Exercises?
  • When Can You Return to Sport?
  • Why Kinesiology Tape Helps Reduce Swelling and Bruising Quicker
  • Call PhysioWorks

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    Last updated 29-Aug-2018 08:39 PM

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