Article by John Miller
What is Gluteal Tendinopathy?
Gluteal tendinopathy is the most common hip tendonitis (hip tendon injury). It is a common cause of Greater Trochanteric Pain Syndrome.
Your gluteal tendons are the tough fibres that connect your gluteal muscle to your hip bone. A tendon injury may seem to happen suddenly, but usually, it is the result of many tiny tears to the tendon that have happened over time.
Typically, tendon injuries occur in three areas:
Non-insertional tendinopathies tend to be caused by a cumulative microtrauma from repetitive overloading eg overtraining.
What is a Tendon Injury?
Tendons are the tough fibres that connect muscle to bone. Most tendon injuries occur near joints, such as the shoulder, elbow, knee, and ankle. A tendon injury may seem to happen suddenly, but usually, it is the result of repetitive tendon overloading. Health professionals may use different terms to describe a tendon injury. You may hear:
Tendinitis (or Tendonitis): This actually means "inflammation of the tendon," but inflammation is actually only a very rare cause of tendon pain. But many doctors may still use the term tendinitis out of habit.
The most common form of tendinopathy is tendinosis. Tendinosis is a noninflammatory degenerative condition that is characterised by collagen degeneration in the tendon due to repetitive overloading. Therefore tendinopathies do not respond well to anti-inflammatory treatments and are best treated with functional rehabilitation. The best results occur with early diagnosis and intervention.
What Causes a Tendon Injury?
Most tendon injuries are the result of gradual wear and tear to the tendon from overuse or ageing. Anyone can have a tendon injury, but people who make the same motions over and over in their jobs, sports, or daily activities are more likely to damage a tendon.
Your tendons are designed to withstand high, repetitive loading, however, on occasions, when the load being applied to the tendon is too great for the tendon to withstand, the tendon begins to become stressed.
When tendons become stressed, they sustain small micro tears, which encourage inflammatory chemicals and swelling, which can quickly heal if managed appropriately.
However, if the load is continually applied to the tendon, these lesions occurring in the tendon can exceed the rate of repair. The damage will progressively become worse, causing pain and dysfunction. The result is a tendinopathy or tendinosis.
Researchers current opinion implicates the cumulative microtrauma associated with high tensile and compressive forces generated during sport or an activity causes a tendinopathy.
What are the Symptoms of Tendinopathy?
Tendinopathy usually causes pain, stiffness, and loss of strength in the affected area.
The symptoms of a tendon injury can be a lot like those caused by bursitis.
The inability of your tendon to adapt to the load quickly enough causes tendon to progress through four phases of tendon injury. While it is healthy for normal tissue adaptation during phase one, further progression can lead to tendon cell death and subsequent tendon rupture.
1. Reactive Tendinopathy
2. Tendon Dysrepair
3. Degenerative Tendinopathy
4. Tendon Tear or Rupture
It is very important to have your tendinopathy professionally assessed to identify it’s injury phase. Identifying your tendinopathy phase is also vital to direct your most effective treatment, since certain modalities or exercises should only be applied or undertaken in specific tendon healing phases.
How is a Tendon Injury Diagnosed?
To diagnose a tendon injury, your physiotherapist will ask questions about your past health, your symptoms and exercise regime. They'll then do a physical examination to confirm the diagnosis. If your symptoms are severe or you do not improve with early treatment, specific diagnostic tests may be requested, such as an ultrasound scan or MRI.
How is Tendinopathy Treated?
In most cases, you can start treating a tendon injury at home. To get the best results, start these steps right away:
Your gluteal (buttock) muscles control your hip joint movement. Gluteal tendinopathy is an injury to the gluteal tendon complex and is often associated with trochanteric bursitis.
What Causes a Gluteal Tendinopathy?
The most common onset of gluteal tendinopathy is due to poor hip and gluteal muscle control that leads to overstressing of the gluteal tendons, causing pain and hip-pelvis instability.
Continued hip instability can cause you to walk or run with poor control, which causes you hip bursa to become under friction load, leading to trochanteric bursitis.
What are the Symptoms of Gluteal Tendinopathy?
Gluteal tendinopathy usually causes lateral hip pain, muscular stiffness, and loss of strength in the hip muscles.
How is a Gluteal Tendinopathy Diagnosed?
In most cases, your doctor or physiotherapist will accurately suspect your gluteal tendinopathy diagnosis in their clinic.
If your symptoms are severe or you do not improve with early treatment, specific diagnostic tests may be requested, such as an ultrasound scan or MRI.
Gluteal Tendinopathy Treatment
How to Return to Sport after Gluteal Tendinopathy
As soon as you are cleared by your physiotherapist you can return to your activity, but take it easy for a while.
If you have any concerns please seek the advice of your physiotherapist.
Related Hip Injuries
Helpful Gluteal Tendinopathy Products
Common Gluteal Tendinopathy Treatments
FAQ's about Gluteal Tendinopathy
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