Common Rugby Injuries
Rugby is a fast-moving and high-intensity team sport. Although historically dominated by males, rugby is gaining popularity among females.
As many as 1 in 4 rugby players will suffer an injury during the season. On average each player performs 20 to 40 tackles per match. Almost 25% of neck injuries occur when there is a mismatch in experience between the two opposing front rows.
A lower-ranked or less skilled team within the division, a forward position, being tackled, and at the beginning of the season are identified as risk factors for rugby injuries.
- Rugby injury rates report being nearly three times higher than soccer.
- 10-18-year-olds experience most injuries.
- Adults aged 25–34 years are at higher risk.
When Do Rugby Injuries Occur?
- More injuries occur during matches (57%) than in training, and more often in the second half of the game.
- Approximately half of all injuries occur while a player is tackling or tackled.
Which Rugby Players Suffer the Most Injuries?
- Hookers and flankers sustain the most injuries.
- Forwards are more frequently injured than backs because of their greater involvement in physical collisions and tackles.
- In the backs, wings, fullbacks and centres are at the highest risk of injury.
- In the scrum, the locks are at the highest risk of facial cuts and cauliflower ear (external deformity to the ear caused by repeated blows.
- Players in rucks and mauls commonly suffer injuries to fingers and thumbs as well as abrasions and lacerations from cleats.
What Kinds of Injuries Occur in Rugby?
- Over 40% of injuries are muscular strains or contusions (bruising), 30% are sprains, followed by dislocations, fractures, lacerations, and overuse injuries.
- Sprained ankles are a common injury with ankle sprains representing almost 1 in 7 rugby injuries.
- Between 5-25% rugby injuries are head injuries, including concussions.
- In youth aged 10-18 years, 35% of injuries are fractures, of which 24% involve the clavicle.
- Superficial injuries represent 20% of rugby injuries, followed by head injuries and sprains (16%).
- Of the head injuries, 44% are concussions.
Pre-Season Preparation is Important
More injuries occur at the beginning of a season, suggesting that pre-season conditioning could reduce injuries.
A pre-season conditioning program should gradually increase in intensity and duration to prepare athletes for competition.
Injury prevention strategies to reduce the incidence, severity and cost of rugby injuries could include coaching on defensive skills, correct tackling technique, proper falling technique and methods to minimise the absorption of impact forces in tackles.
Depowering the scrum is a method to reduce scrummaging injuries at lower rugby levels. Props should crouch, touch, pause and then engage. Another alternative is Sequential Engagement where the front rows engage first, and then the second row joins into an established stable scrum.
Source: The British Columbia Injury Research and Prevention Unit
ARU Sports Injury Insurance
ARU’s “Sportscover Insurance” covers ARU Rugby Players.
The insurers will reimburse you for 100% of your non-medicare treatment costs up to $3000, which includes your physiotherapy costs.
More info: Phone 1800 811 371. Ask for the ARU Insurance Team
email: [email protected]
Areas of Leg Pain
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Common Youth Leg Injuries
Pelvis & Hip
- Osgood Schlatter's Disease
- Sinding Larsen Johannson Disease
- Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome
- Patella Dislocation
- Meniscus Tear
- Discoid Meniscus
- Juvenile Osteochondritis Dissecans
Heel & Ankle
What Causes Arm Pain?
Arm pain and injuries are widespread. Arm pain can occur as a result of either sudden, traumatic or repetitive overuse. The causes can be related to sports injuries, work injuries or simply everyday arm use.
Causes of Arm Pain by Region
Causes of Arm Pain by Structure
Neck-related Arm Pain
Shoulder-related Arm Pain
- AC Joint Injury
- Biceps Tendinopathy
- Broken Shoulder - Fractured Humerus
- Bursitis Shoulder
- Dislocated Shoulder
- Frozen Shoulder
- Rotator Cuff Calcific Tendinopathy
- Rotator Cuff Syndrome
- Rotator Cuff Tear
- Shoulder Arthritis
- Shoulder Impingement
- Shoulder Tendonitis
- Swimmer's Shoulder
Elbow-related Arm Pain
Wrist-related Arm Pain
Hand-related Arm Pain
Muscle-related Arm Pain
- DOMS - Delayed Onset Muscle Soreness
- Muscle Strain (Muscle Pain)
- RSI - Repetitive Strain Injury
- Overuse Injuries
Other Sources of Arm Pain
Common Causes of Arm Pain
- Your rotator cuff or frozen shoulder most commonly causes shoulder pain.
- Elbow pain is most commonly caused by tennis elbow or golfers elbow.
- Wrist & hand pain can be related to carpal tunnel, wrist arthritis or even a thumb tendon condition known as de Quervain's tenosynovitis.
Referred Arm Pain
As mentioned earlier, arm pain can be referred to from another source. Cervical radiculopathy is a common source of referred arm pain. Cervical radiculopathy will not respond to treatment where you feel the arm pain. However, it will respond positively to treatment at the source of the injury (e.g. your neck joints).
Professional assessment from a health practitioner skilled in diagnosing both spinal-origin and local-origin (muscle and joint) injuries (e.g. your physiotherapist) is recommended to ensure an accurate diagnosis and prompt treatment directed at the arm pain source.
Arm Pain has Diverse Causes.
The causes of your arm pain can be extensive and varied. Due to this diversity, your arm pain should be assessed by a suitably qualified health practitioner to attain an accurate diagnosis, treatment plan and implementation specific to your arm pain.
What Arm Pain is Associated with a Heart Attack?
Left-arm pain can be an early sign of a life-threatening cardiac issue. Based on this, a professional medical assessment that involves an accurate history, symptom analysis, physical examination and diagnostic tests to exclude a potential heart attack is important to exclude this potentially life-threatening source of arm pain.
For more information, please consult with your health practitioner, call an ambulance on 000, or visit a hospital emergency department to put your mind at ease.
Good News. Most Arm Pain is NOT Life-Threatening.
Luckily, life-threatening arm pain is far less likely than a local musculoskeletal injury. Arm pain caused by a localised arm muscle, tendon or joint injury should be assessed and confirmed by your health practitioner before commencing treatment.
Arm Pain Prognosis
The good news is that arm pain, and injury will normally respond very favourably to medical or physiotherapy intervention when early professional assessment and treatment is sought. Please do not delay in consulting your healthcare practitioner if you experience arm pain.
Common Arm Pain Treatments
With accurate assessment and early treatment, most arm injuries respond extremely quickly to physiotherapy or medical care, allowing you to resume pain-free and normal activities of daily living quickly.
Please ask your physiotherapist for their professional treatment advice.
Common Sources of Spinal Pain & Injury
- Neck Pain - Cervical Spine
- Upper Back Pain - Thoracic Spine
- Lower Back Pain - Lumbar Spine
- Sacroiliac Pain - SIJ
- Scheuermann’s Disease
- Spinal Stenosis
- Rib Stress Fracture