Calf Pain

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Article by John Miller

calf pain

Calf Pain

Calf pain is a common occurrence in sports that include running, jumping, hopping and landing activities. Your calf muscle group essentially consists of two muscles (gastrocnemius and soleus) that attach to your Achilles tendon. 

Calf injuries can occur to both muscle and tendon structures. They are commonly caused by excessive forces during explosive contraction, eccentric control loading or when your calf muscles fatigue.

Your calf muscles protect your shin bone from the rear and both sides. However, excessive load through your shin bone (tibia) can result in shin pain and its related injuries. 

Referred Calf Pain & Blood Clots

Calf pain is a  common symptom of referred pain eg Sciatica or can be due to Deep Venous Thrombosis (DVT's).

Sciatica is a condition caused by a pinched nerve in your lower back. Fortunately, it can usually be treated successfully with physiotherapy. The occasional patient requires spinal surgery.

DVT's are the most serious concerns and can result in pulmonary embolism, stroke or potentially death! Your calf pain should be excluded for the possibility of a DVT as an URGENT PRIORITY.

Please consult your doctor or physiotherapist to assess and exclude a DVT.

Common Sources of Calf Pain

The most common sources of leg pain include a torn calf muscleachilles tendonitis and leg cramps

Here is a list of some common causes of calf pain.

  • Achilles Tendon Rupture
  • Achilles Tendonitis / Tendinitis
  • Calf Muscle Tear
  • Compartment Syndrome
  • Cramps
  • DOMS - Delayed Onset Muscle Soreness
  • High Ankle Sprain
  • Muscle Strain (Muscle Pain)
  • Overuse Injuries
  • Peroneal Tendonitis
  • Pinched Nerve
  • Restless Leg Syndrome
  • Retrocalcaneal Bursitis
  • Sciatica
  • Severs Disease
  • Shin Splints
  • Sprained Ankle
  • Stress Fracture
  • Calf Pain Treatment

    With accurate assessment and early treatment, most calf pain responds extremely quickly to physiotherapy allowing you to quickly resume pain-free and normal activities of daily living.

    Please ask you physiotherapist for their professional treatment advice.

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    Calf Pain Treatment Options

  • Early Injury Treatment
  • Avoid the HARM Factors
  • What to do after a Muscle Strain or Ligament Sprain?
  • Acupuncture and Dry Needling
  • Sub-Acute Soft Tissue Injury Treatment
  • Closed Kinetic Chain Exercises
  • Active Foot Posture Correction Exercises
  • Gait Analysis
  • Biomechanical Analysis
  • Eccentric Strengthening
  • Balance Enhancement Exercises
  • Proprioception & Balance Exercises
  • Agility & Sport-Specific Exercises
  • Medications?
  • Orthotics
  • Soft Tissue Massage
  • Walking Boot
  • Brace or Support
  • Electrotherapy & Local Modalities
  • Heat Packs
  • Joint Mobilisation Techniques
  • Kinesiology Tape
  • Neurodynamics
  • Physiotherapy Instrument Mobilisation (PIM)
  • Prehabilitation
  • Running Analysis
  • Strength Exercises
  • Stretching Exercises
  • Supportive Taping & Strapping
  • TENS Machine
  • Video Analysis
  • Yoga
  • Calf Pain FAQs

  • Common Physiotherapy Treatment Techniques
  • What is Pain?
  • Physiotherapy & Exercise
  • When Should Diagnostic Tests Be Performed?
  • Massage Styles and their Benefits
  • How Does Kinesiology Tape Reduce Swelling?
  • What Causes Post-Exercise Muscular Pain?
  • Barefoot Running: Your MUST READ Guide to the Pro's and Con's.
  • Heat Packs. Why does heat feel so good?
  • How Can You Prevent a Future Leg Injury?
  • How Much Treatment Will You Need?
  • Post-Run Soreness: Should You Be Concerned?
  • Sports Injury? What to do? When?
  • What are the Common Massage Therapy Techniques?
  • What are the Early Warning Signs of an Injury?
  • What is a TENS Machine?
  • What is Chronic Pain?
  • What is Nerve Pain?
  • What is Sports Physiotherapy?
  • What's the Benefit of Stretching Exercises?
  • When Can You Return to Sport?
  • Buy Helpful Products for Calf Injuries Online

    Calf Injuries

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    Last updated 16-Mar-2017 07:30 AM

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