What Are The Four Types Of Dizziness?

Article by Matthew Batch

What Are The Four Types Of Dizziness?

The four types of dizziness are vertigo, dysequilibrium, presyncope and lightheadedness.

Vertigo refers to a spinning sensation, or a false sense of movement, even when the body remains still. There are numerous possible causes of this, though it is frequently associated with conditions that affect the vestibular system, a group of structures within your ears that help work out the position of your body in space.

More info: What is Vertigo?

Dysequilibrium is the feeling of being off balance or wobbly and has numerous causes. Contributing factors include brain changes, nerve pathologies, and musculoskeletal disorders. The dysfunction will affect your ability to feel steady in space.

Presyncope refers to feeling faint or as if you are going to black out. This is commonly associated with conditions that involve the heart and blood supply of the body. One example is orthostatic hypotension, or dizziness brought on by a change in posture, e.g. from lying down to standing up.

Lightheadedness is a general feeling of giddiness as if you are disconnected from your environment. This is sometimes attributed to hyperventilation, a process where the amount of breathing is greater than what the body needs, and can be related to anxiety disorders.

The assessment and diagnosis that is causing your dizziness can be complicated. Please consult your trusted doctor or a vestibular physiotherapist.

More information: Balance, Dizziness & Vertigo FAQs and Health Products