Common Triathlon Injuries

john miller physiotherapist

Article by John Miller

Triathlete Injuries

Triathlon InjuriesTriathletes are vulnerable to the full spectrum of sports injuries that could be sustained from swimming, cycling or running.

Most triathletes suffer overuse or overtraining injuries, but acute traumatic injuries can also occur during an event or training. Please visit the following links dedicated to the three disciplines of a triathlon:

Swimming Injuries

Cycling Injuries

Running Injuries

Most Common Triathlon Injuries

Typically, the types of injuries triathletes deal with are overuse injuries.

Triathlon training repetitively stresses muscles, tendons, and the tissues around joints and bones. This continuous stress produces repetitive microtrauma.

Overuse injuries result from the body's inability to keep up with repair of the damage created by repetitive microtrauma. The body's tissue eventually breaks down -- resulting in pain, inflammation, and weakness.

Ignoring the pain and inflammation and continuing to train will lead to macrotrauma and disruption of the tendon, muscle or bone. The worst case scenario is an injury that could result in weeks or months away from your triathlon training and competition.

If you need advice or you need to manage your triathlete injury, we strongly recommend that you utilise expert advice. Poorly diagnosed and mismanaged injuries can ultimately interrupt your training and event schedules.

How To Treat Triathlon Injuries

The following treatment guidelines will obviously vary depending on your specific injury.

Treatment for most triathlon injuries includes:

Acute Injury Management

  • Rest, Ice, Compression, Elevation (RICE)

Soft Tissue Management

  • Massage, Dry Needling, Acupuncture and Muscle Stretching 

  • Neural Tissue Mobility

Muscle Control

  • Daily program of Core Stability Training 

  • Strengthening Program to Correct any Muscle Imbalances

Biomechanical Correction

  • Contributing Biomechanical Factors: identification and correction

  • Orthoses to correct leg length discrepancies or foot deformities

  • Professional evaluation/correction of your swimming style,  running gait and cycle position eg Physio or Podiatrist

  • Cycling Set-up Analysis

Training Analysis

It is important to ensure that you are undertaking a well-balanced training schedule to optimise your performance and minimise your injury risk.

For more significant or persistent injuries, a triathlete should seek out quality ond informed medical advice applicable to triathletes. Health professionals can include your Sports Physiotherapist, Sports Physician, Sports Podiatrist, Sports Massage Therapist, Sports Dietitian and/or Sports Psychologist.

Most Common Triathlon Injuries

  • Achilles Tendon Rupture
  • Achilles Tendonitis / Tendinitis
  • Adductor Tendinopathy
  • Anterior Ankle Impingement
  • Avascular Necrosis of the Femoral Head
  • Back Muscle Pain
  • Bicep Tendonitis
  • Bulging Disc
  • Bursitis Knee
  • Bursitis Shoulder
  • Calf Muscle Tear
  • Chondromalacia Patella
  • Compartment Syndrome
  • Cramps
  • Degenerative Disc Disease
  • Dislocated Shoulder
  • DOMS - Delayed Onset Muscle Soreness
  • Facet Joint Pain
  • Femoroacetabular Impingement (FAI)
  • Gluteal Tendinopathy
  • Greater Trochanteric Pain Syndrome
  • Groin Strain
  • Hamstring Strain
  • Heel Spur
  • High Ankle Sprain
  • Hip Arthritis (Osteoarthritis)
  • Hip Labral Tear
  • ITB Syndrome
  • Knee Arthritis
  • Knee Ligament Injuries
  • Meniscus Tear
  • Metatarsalgia
  • Morton's Neuroma
  • Muscle Strain (Muscle Pain)
  • Neck Arm Pain
  • Neck Headache
  • Osgood Schlatter's
  • Osteitis Pubis
  • Overuse Injuries
  • Patella Tendonitis (Tendinopathy)
  • Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome
  • Peroneal Tendonitis
  • Pes Planus - Flat Feet
  • Pinched Nerve
  • Piriformis Syndrome
  • Plantar Fasciitis
  • Plica Syndrome
  • Poor Hip Core
  • Posterior Ankle Impingement
  • Retrocalcaneal Bursitis
  • Rotator Cuff Calcific Tendinitis
  • Rotator Cuff Syndrome
  • Rotator Cuff Tear
  • Sacroiliac Joint Pain
  • Sciatica
  • Severs Disease
  • Shin Splints
  • Shoulder Impingement
  • Shoulder Tendonitis
  • Sinding Larsen Johansson Syndrome
  • Spondylolisthesis
  • Sprained Ankle
  • Stress Fracture
  • Stress Fracture Feet
  • Swimmer's Shoulder
  • Tarsal Tunnel Syndrome
  • Thigh Strain
  • Trochanteric Bursitis
  • Call PhysioWorks Book Online

    Common Triathlete Treatment Options

  • Early Injury Treatment
  • Avoid the HARM Factors
  • Soft Tissue Injury? What are the Healing Phases?
  • What to do after a Muscle Strain or Ligament Sprain?
  • Acupuncture and Dry Needling
  • Sub-Acute Soft Tissue Injury Treatment
  • Core Exercises
  • Scapular Stabilisation Exercises
  • Rotator Cuff Exercises
  • Closed Kinetic Chain Exercises
  • Active Foot Posture Correction Exercises
  • Gait Analysis
  • Biomechanical Analysis
  • Balance Enhancement Exercises
  • Proprioception & Balance Exercises
  • Agility & Sport-Specific Exercises
  • Medications?
  • Orthotics
  • Real Time Ultrasound Physiotherapy
  • Soft Tissue Massage
  • Walking Boot
  • Ankle Strapping
  • Brace or Support
  • Electrotherapy & Local Modalities
  • Heat Packs
  • Joint Mobilisation Techniques
  • Kinesiology Tape
  • Knee Arthroscopy
  • Neurodynamics
  • Prehabilitation
  • Running Analysis
  • Scapulohumeral Rhythm Exercises
  • Strength Exercises
  • Stretching Exercises
  • Supportive Taping & Strapping
  • TENS Machine
  • Video Analysis
  • Yoga
  • FAQs about Triathlon Injuries

  • Common Physiotherapy Treatment Techniques
  • What is Pain?
  • Physiotherapy & Exercise
  • How Does Kinesiology Tape Reduce Swelling?
  • What Causes Post-Exercise Muscular Pain?
  • The Best Core Exercises
  • Barefoot Running: Your MUST READ Guide to the Pro's and Con's.
  • Heat Packs. Why does heat feel so good?
  • How Does an Exercise Ball Help Back Pain?
  • How to Strap an Ankle
  • Post-Run Soreness: Should You Be Concerned?
  • Rotator Cuff: What is it?
  • Sports Injury? What to do? When?
  • What are Common Adolescent / Children Leg Injuries?
  • What are Growing Pains?
  • What are the Early Warning Signs of an Injury?
  • What is a TENS Machine?
  • What is Chronic Pain?
  • What is Nerve Pain?
  • What is Sports Physiotherapy?
  • What is the Shoulder Impingement Zone?
  • What's the Benefit of Stretching Exercises?
  • What's Your Core Stability Score?
  • When is the Best Time for a Pre-Event Massage?
  • Common Physiotherapy Treatment Techniques
  • What is Pain?
  • Physiotherapy & Exercise
  • How Does Kinesiology Tape Reduce Swelling?
  • What Causes Post-Exercise Muscular Pain?
  • The Best Core Exercises
  • Barefoot Running: Your MUST READ Guide to the Pro's and Con's.
  • Heat Packs. Why does heat feel so good?
  • How Does an Exercise Ball Help Back Pain?
  • How to Strap an Ankle
  • Post-Run Soreness: Should You Be Concerned?
  • Rotator Cuff: What is it?
  • Sports Injury? What to do? When?
  • What are Common Adolescent / Children Leg Injuries?
  • What are Growing Pains?
  • What are the Early Warning Signs of an Injury?
  • What is a TENS Machine?
  • What is Chronic Pain?
  • What is Nerve Pain?
  • What is Sports Physiotherapy?
  • What is the Shoulder Impingement Zone?
  • What's the Benefit of Stretching Exercises?
  • What's Your Core Stability Score?
  • When is the Best Time for a Pre-Event Massage?
  • Helpful Products for Triathletes

    Triathletes

    Call PhysioWorks Book Online

     
     

    Share this page


    Last updated 16-Sep-2016 11:55 AM

    Receive Special Offers and the Latest Injury Information

    Enter Details Below to Signup: