Stress Fracture Feet
What is a Foot Stress Fracture?
Stress fractures commonly occur in the foot, putting several bones at risk. Tiny cracks in a bone characterise a foot stress fracture. These cracks gradually develop over time and result in pain. The pain exhibits a distinct pattern, intensifying with increased engagement in weight-bearing activities like running or jumping.
What Causes a Stress Fracture?
Repeatedly applying force to an overloaded bone due to overuse, mainly through activities such as jumping or running long distances, leads to a stress fracture. While track and field athletes are especially prone to stress fractures, anyone can experience this condition. If you rapidly increase your weight-bearing exercise, you become more susceptible to developing a stress fracture. It can be a debilitating issue that hinders your ability to engage in any weight-bearing activity.
What is the Treatment for Stress Fractures in the Feet?
Phase I – Relieving Pain, Reducing Swelling, and Protecting the Injury
The primary objective of treatment for a stress fracture is pain relief. Your healthcare provider may prescribe analgesics to assist in managing the pain. Techniques such as ice therapy and unloading the inflamed structures are employed to minimise swelling and discomfort. Additionally, anti-inflammatory medications can be beneficial. Physiotherapists utilise various tools and methods, including ice, electrotherapy, acupuncture, deloading taping techniques, and soft tissue massage, to alleviate pain and reduce inflammation. In severe cases, the physiotherapist or doctor may recommend crutches or a walking boot.
Phase II – Restoring Normal Weight Bearing
Careful management is crucial to avoid exacerbating the stress fracture by uncontrolled increases in weight-bearing. Once the pain and inflammation subside, the focus shifts to gradually reintroducing exercise. Treatment during this phase may involve massage, muscle and joint stretches, taping, or orthotics. Your physiotherapist will determine the most effective techniques for your specific needs.
Phase III – Restoring Normal Muscle Control and Strength
The proper functioning of your foot posture muscles plays a vital role in correcting biomechanical issues that contribute to increased stress on the foot. PhysioWorks has developed a “Foot Posture Correction Program” to restore your foot’s natural posture. Your physiotherapist will evaluate your foot posture muscles and prescribe targeted exercises tailored to your requirements. Consult your physiotherapist for personalised advice.
Phase IV: Restoring Full Function
This rehabilitation stage aims to help you regain your desired activity level. Specific treatment goals will vary depending on individual demands. For some, it may involve walking around the block. In contrast, others may aspire to run a marathon or engage in labour-intensive activities. Your physiotherapist will customise your rehabilitation program to help you achieve your functional goals.
Phase V: Preventing Recurrence
To prevent future stress fractures, your physiotherapist will educate you about gradually increasing exercise intensity. Consulting a dietitian for nutritional guidance during training can also be beneficial. Your physiotherapist will provide advice and support throughout this process.
Common Foot Pain Causes
Various factors, ranging from injuries and tendon problems to degenerative conditions and systemic diseases, can cause foot pain. Some common causes of foot pain include foot injuries, plantar fasciitis, bunions, metatarsalgia, Morton's neuroma, tendon injuries, bone injuries, degenerative conditions like arthritis, biomechanical issues, nerve-related sources such as tarsal tunnel syndrome, and muscle injuries.
Certain systemic conditions like fibromyalgia, lupus, rheumatoid arthritis, and psoriatic arthritis can also contribute to foot pain. This comprehensive list covers a wide range of foot pain causes, encompassing different areas of the foot and various underlying conditions.
- Achilles Tendon Rupture
- Achilles Tendinopathy
- FHL Tendinopathy
- Peroneal Tendinopathy
- Tibialis Posterior Tendinopathy
- Ankle Fracture (Broken Ankle)
- Stress Fracture
- Stress Fracture Feet
- Severs Disease
- Osteochondritis Dissecans
- Heel Spur
- Shin Splints
Traumatic Ankle Ligament Injuries
Soft Tissue Inflammation
Soft Tissue Inflammation
Other Useful Information
Foot, Ankle & Heel Pain FAQs
Welcome to our comprehensive FAQ guide on Foot, Ankle & Heel Pain. In this guide, we aim to address common questions and concerns related to foot, ankle, and heel pain. We will cover various topics, including ankle injuries, heel pain, Achilles pain, foot pain, shin pain, youth injuries, and balance and proprioception. Whether you're experiencing discomfort or seeking preventive measures, this guide will provide valuable insights and advice to help you understand and manage these conditions effectively.
- What are the Common Ankle Injuries?
- Which are the Most Commonly Injured Ankle Ligaments?
- How to Strap an Ankle?
- What Causes Ankle Impingement?
- What is a High Ankle Sprain?
- What Constitutes a "Simple" Ankle Sprain?
- Why Do Your Joints Click?
- What are the Common Causes of Heel Pain?
- How Do You Treat Heel Pain in a Child?
- How Can You Tell the Difference Between Heel Spurs and Plantar Fasciitis?
- What are the Common Causes of Foot Pain?
- How Can You Relieve Foot Pain?
- What are the Disadvantages of Barefoot Running?