Article by Zoe Russell

What is Prehabilitation?

To help prevent injuries, sports physiotherapists have begun to employ what they call “prehabilitation” strategies.

Prehabilitation is essentially preventive injury risk assessment and training to prevent the problem before it happens.

3 Phases of Prehabilitation

The three phases needed to come up with a good prehabilitation plan are:

  1. Analyzing an uninjured player’s posture, joint alignment, flexibility, muscle control, biomechanics, core stability and movement patterns,
  2. Understanding the risks of the sport itself, and
  3. Considering other specifics such as the player’s position.

Following these three steps, your sports physiotherapist can better predict injury risk. They can then develop specific training programs to help you prevent common overuse and other sports injuries.

What Exercises Are Best?

Prehabilitation exercises and techniques are sports-specific.  They can even be athlete-specific, as they highlight the predominant muscle movement patterns present in the position they play sport. A goalkeeper, for example, will have different athletic requirements to a field player.

Prehabilitation Benefits

Prehabilitation helps you to:

  • achieve normal static and dynamic posture
  • correct muscle length imbalance, joint alignment and flexibility
  • normalise core stability (upper, lower and left vs right)
  • enhance muscle endurance, strength and power
  • boost movement pattern efficiency; and
  • enhance proprioception, which is the ability for your mind to sense the position of different joints related to the rest of the body.

Obviously, the prehabilitation approach for each sport and position (e.g. defender vs attacker) within those sports will differ. That’s why it is important to seek the advice of a sports physiotherapist with interest in your sport.

How to Arrange Pre-Injury Screening

If you are interested in either individual, team or club sports screening or prehabilitation programs, please get in touch with PhysioWorkss today. You’ll benefit from improved performance and a lower injury rate. PhysioWorks offers club, school, team and individual pre-injury screening, injury risk profiling and injury-prevention strategies.

Arm Pain Causes

Arm pain and injuries are widespread. Arm pain can occur as a result of either sudden, traumatic or repetitive overuse. The causes can be related to sports injuries, work injuries or simply everyday arm use.

Arm pain can be a local injury, musculoskeletal injury or could even be referred from nerves in your neck (cervical radiculopathy). This can result in neck-arm pain.

Causes of Arm Pain by Region

Causes of Arm Pain by Structure

Neck-Related Arm Pain

Shoulder-Related Arm Pain

Elbow-Related Arm Pain

Wrist-Related Arm Pain

Hand-Related Arm Pain

Muscle-Related Arm Pain

Other Sources of Arm Pain

Common Causes of Arm Pain

The most common sources of arm pain include shoulder painwrist pain and elbow pain.

Referred Arm Pain

As mentioned earlier, arm pain can be referred to from another source. Cervical radiculopathy is a common source of referred arm pain. Cervical radiculopathy will not respond to treatment where you feel the arm pain. However, it will respond positively to treatment at the source of the injury (e.g. your neck joints).

Professional assessment from a health practitioner skilled in diagnosing both spinal-origin and local-origin (muscle and joint) injuries (e.g. your physiotherapist) is recommended to ensure an accurate diagnosis and prompt treatment directed at the arm pain source.

Arm Pain has Diverse Causes.

The causes of your arm pain can be extensive and varied. Due to this diversity, your arm pain should be assessed by a suitably qualified health practitioner to attain an accurate diagnosis, treatment plan and implementation specific to your arm pain.

What Arm Pain is Associated with a Heart Attack?

Left-arm pain can be an early sign of a life-threatening cardiac issue. Based on this, a professional medical assessment that involves an accurate history, symptom analysis, physical examination and diagnostic tests to exclude a potential heart attack is important to exclude this potentially life-threatening source of arm pain.

For more information, please consult with your health practitioner, call an ambulance on 000, or visit a hospital emergency department to put your mind at ease.

Good News. Most Arm Pain is NOT Life-Threatening.

Luckily, life-threatening arm pain is far less likely than a local musculoskeletal injury. Arm pain caused by a localised arm muscle, tendon or joint injury should be assessed and confirmed by your health practitioner before commencing treatment.

Arm Pain Prognosis

The good news is that arm pain, and injury will normally respond very favourably to medical or physiotherapy intervention when early professional assessment and treatment is sought. Please do not delay in consulting your healthcare practitioner if you experience arm pain.

Common Arm Pain Treatments

With accurate assessment and early treatment, most arm injuries respond extremely quickly to physiotherapy or medical care, allowing you to resume pain-free and normal activities of daily living quickly.

Please ask your physiotherapist for their professional treatment advice.