Water Polo Injuries


Article by Zoe Russell

Water Polo

water polo injuries

Water Polo injuries are mainly related to swimming injuries, ball impacts, throwing injuries or players tussles.

Water Polo originated as an aquatic form of rugby union football, and combines the unique combination of swimming and throwing. 

The combinations of bursts of high intensity activity, with lower intensity intervals make it a physically demanding sport, and the increasing physical nature is making a multitude of injuries for players, including:

  • Facial Injuries
  • Spinal Injuries
  • Upper Extremity Injuries
  • Lower Extremity Injuries.

These injuries can be either acute (such as sprains, strains and abrasions) as well as overuse injuries (such as rotator cuff injury).

Facial Injuries

The type of injuries in this region of the body from Water Polo include:

  • Facial Contusions
  • Concussions
  • Swimmer’s Ear (Otitis Externa)
  • Ear Drum Trauma
  • Eye Injuries
  • Corneal Abrasions or Scratch to the Cornea
  • Fracture of the Eye Socket

Spinal Injuries 

Water Polo players can sustain injury to all three regions of the spine. However, injuries are most common in the Cervical (Neck) and Lumbar (Lower Back) Regions, due to the repetitive rotation of the Neck (cervical) and lower back (lumbar) regions during training and practice:

Upper Extremity Injuries

Injuries to the upper extremity, that is the Shoulder, Elbow, Wrist & Hand, in Water Polo players tend to arise as a result of the overuse or a traumatic injury. 

The type of injuries that Water Polo players sustain are:

waterpolo injuries

Lower Extremity Injuries

Injuries to the lower extremity, that is from the hip down, generally occur as a result of utilising the joints and muscles close to the end of their range. 

Typically, lower limb injuries during Water Polo occur as a result of the repetitive nature of the ‘eggbeater kick” used to maintain body position in the water or generate power to perform an accurate shot or pass. 

Typical injuries in Water Polo players include:

The good news it that early identification of these injuries by your physiotherapist, in conjunction with correction of technique, can help to prevent these injuries, in addition to ensuring a speedy recovery. 

Your Physiotherapist is the best person to speak to in regards to your injury as they will not only help you recover, but also assist you in advising the best form of exercise to undertake to maintain Water Polo specific Strength and Conditioning, as well as fitness so that you recover in the fastest possible time. 

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Common Water Polo Injuries

  • Adductor Tendinopathy
  • Avascular Necrosis of the Femoral Head
  • Back Muscle Pain
  • Bicep Tendinopathy
  • Bulging Disc
  • Bursitis Shoulder
  • Chondromalacia Patella
  • Corked Thigh
  • Cramps
  • Degenerative Disc Disease
  • Dislocated Shoulder
  • DOMS - Delayed Onset Muscle Soreness
  • Facet Joint Pain
  • Femoroacetabular Impingement (FAI)
  • Gluteal Tendinopathy
  • Greater Trochanteric Pain Syndrome
  • Groin Strain
  • Hamstring Strain
  • Hip Labral Tear
  • ITB Syndrome
  • Knee Ligament Injuries
  • Meniscus Tear
  • Morton's Neuroma
  • Muscle Strain
  • Neck Arm Pain
  • Neck Headache
  • Neck Sprain
  • Overuse Injuries
  • Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome
  • Pes Anserinus Bursitis & Tendinopathy
  • Pinched Nerve
  • Piriformis Syndrome
  • Plica Syndrome
  • Poor Hip Core
  • Posterior Ankle Impingement
  • Proximal Hamstring Tendinopathy
  • Rotator Cuff Calcific Tendinitis
  • Rotator Cuff Syndrome
  • Rotator Cuff Tear
  • Sacroiliac Joint Pain
  • Sciatica
  • Shoulder Impingement
  • Shoulder Tendinopathy
  • Side Strain (Abdominal)
  • Swimmer's Shoulder
  • Tarsal Tunnel Syndrome
  • Thigh Strain
  • Thumb Sprain
  • Trochanteric Bursitis
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  • Early Injury Treatment
  • Avoid the HARM Factors
  • Soft Tissue Injury? What are the Healing Phases?
  • What to do after a Muscle Strain or Ligament Sprain?
  • Acupuncture and Dry Needling
  • Sub-Acute Soft Tissue Injury Treatment
  • Core Exercises
  • Scapular Stabilisation Exercises
  • Rotator Cuff Exercises
  • Closed Kinetic Chain Exercises
  • Biomechanical Analysis
  • Balance Enhancement Exercises
  • Proprioception & Balance Exercises
  • Agility & Sport-Specific Exercises
  • Medications?
  • Real Time Ultrasound Physiotherapy
  • Soft Tissue Massage
  • Walking Boot
  • Brace or Support
  • Dry Needling
  • Electrotherapy & Local Modalities
  • Heat Packs
  • Joint Mobilisation Techniques
  • Kinesiology Tape
  • Knee Arthroscopy
  • Neurodynamics
  • Prehabilitation
  • Scapulohumeral Rhythm Exercises
  • Strength Exercises
  • Stretching Exercises
  • Supportive Taping & Strapping
  • TENS Machine
  • Video Analysis
  • Yoga
  • FAQs Water Polo Injuries

  • Common Physiotherapy Treatment Techniques
  • What is Pain?
  • Physiotherapy & Exercise
  • What Causes Post-Exercise Muscular Pain?
  • What are the Best Core Exercises?
  • Can Kinesiology Taping Reduce Your Swelling and Bruising?
  • Heat Packs. Why Does Heat Feel So Good?
  • How Does an Exercise Ball Help Back Pain?
  • Rotator Cuff: What is it?
  • Sports Injury? What to do? When?
  • What are Common Adolescent / Children Leg Injuries?
  • What are Growing Pains?
  • What are the Early Warning Signs of an Injury?
  • What is a TENS Machine?
  • What is Chronic Pain?
  • What is Nerve Pain?
  • What is Sports Physiotherapy?
  • What is the Shoulder Impingement Zone?
  • What's the Benefit of Stretching Exercises?
  • Why Kinesiology Tape Helps Reduce Swelling and Bruising Quicker
  • Related Products

    Waterpolo Injuries

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    Last updated 19-Jan-2018 02:11 PM

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