Most triathletes suffer overuse or overtraining injuries, but acute traumatic injuries can also occur during an event or training.
Relative Energy Deficiency in Sport or RED-S is a known concern.
Please visit the following links dedicated to the three disciplines of a triathlon:
Most Common Triathlon Injuries
Typically, the types of injuries triathletes deal with are overuse injuries.
Triathlon training repetitively stresses muscles, tendons, and the tissues around joints and bones. This continuous stress produces repetitive microtrauma.
Overuse injuries result from the body’s inability to keep up with repair of the damage created by repetitive microtrauma. The body’s tissue eventually breaks down — resulting in pain, inflammation, and weakness.
Ignoring the pain and inflammation and continuing to train will lead to macrotrauma and disruption of the tendon, muscle or bone. The worst-case scenario is an injury that could result in weeks or months away from your triathlon training and competition.
If you need advice or you need to manage your triathlete injury, we strongly recommend that you utilise expert advice. Poorly diagnosed and mismanaged injuries can ultimately interrupt your training and event schedules.
How To Treat Triathlon Injuries
The following treatment guidelines will obviously vary depending on your specific injury.
Treatment for most triathlon injuries includes:
Acute Injury Management
- Rest, Ice, Compression, Elevation (RICE)
Soft Tissue Management
- Massage, Dry Needling, Acupuncture and Muscle Stretching
- Neural Tissue Mobility
- Daily program of Core Stability Training
- Strengthening Program to Correct any Muscle Imbalances
- Contributing Biomechanical Factors: identification and correction
- Orthoses to correct leg length discrepancies or foot deformities
- Professional evaluation/correction of your swimming style, running gait and cycle position eg Physio or Podiatrist
- Cycling Set-up Analysis
It is important to ensure that you are undertaking a well-balanced training schedule to optimise your performance and minimise your injury risk.
For more significant or persistent injuries, a triathlete should seek out quality and informed medical advice applicable to triathletes. Health professionals can include your Sports Physiotherapist, Sports Physician, Sports Podiatrist, Sports Massage Therapist, Sports Dietitian and/or Sports Psychologist.
Leg Pain Causes
Common Youth Leg Injuries
Pelvis & Hip
- Osgood Schlatter's Disease
- Sinding Larsen Johannson Disease
- Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome
- Patella Dislocation
- Meniscus Tear
- Discoid Meniscus
- Juvenile Osteochondritis Dissecans
Heel & Ankle
Arm Pain Causes
Arm pain and injuries are widespread. Arm pain can occur as a result of either sudden, traumatic or repetitive overuse. The causes can be related to sports injuries, work injuries or simply everyday arm use.
Causes of Arm Pain by Region
Causes of Arm Pain by Structure
Neck-Related Arm Pain
Shoulder-Related Arm Pain
- AC Joint Injury
- Biceps Tendinopathy
- Broken Shoulder - Fractured Humerus
- Bursitis Shoulder
- Dislocated Shoulder
- Frozen Shoulder
- Rotator Cuff Calcific Tendinopathy
- Rotator Cuff Syndrome
- Rotator Cuff Tear
- Shoulder Arthritis
- Shoulder Impingement
- Shoulder Tendonitis
- Swimmer's Shoulder
Elbow-Related Arm Pain
Wrist-Related Arm Pain
Hand-Related Arm Pain
Muscle-Related Arm Pain
- DOMS - Delayed Onset Muscle Soreness
- Muscle Strain (Muscle Pain)
- RSI - Repetitive Strain Injury
- Overuse Injuries
Other Sources of Arm Pain
Common Causes of Arm Pain
- Your rotator cuff or frozen shoulder most commonly causes shoulder pain.
- Elbow pain is most commonly caused by tennis elbow or golfers elbow.
- Wrist & hand pain can be related to carpal tunnel, wrist arthritis or even a thumb tendon condition known as de Quervain's tenosynovitis.
Referred Arm Pain
As mentioned earlier, arm pain can be referred to from another source. Cervical radiculopathy is a common source of referred arm pain. Cervical radiculopathy will not respond to treatment where you feel the arm pain. However, it will respond positively to treatment at the source of the injury (e.g. your neck joints).
Professional assessment from a health practitioner skilled in diagnosing both spinal-origin and local-origin (muscle and joint) injuries (e.g. your physiotherapist) is recommended to ensure an accurate diagnosis and prompt treatment directed at the arm pain source.
Arm Pain has Diverse Causes.
The causes of your arm pain can be extensive and varied. Due to this diversity, your arm pain should be assessed by a suitably qualified health practitioner to attain an accurate diagnosis, treatment plan and implementation specific to your arm pain.
What Arm Pain is Associated with a Heart Attack?
Left-arm pain can be an early sign of a life-threatening cardiac issue. Based on this, a professional medical assessment that involves an accurate history, symptom analysis, physical examination and diagnostic tests to exclude a potential heart attack is important to exclude this potentially life-threatening source of arm pain.
For more information, please consult with your health practitioner, call an ambulance on 000, or visit a hospital emergency department to put your mind at ease.
Good News. Most Arm Pain is NOT Life-Threatening.
Luckily, life-threatening arm pain is far less likely than a local musculoskeletal injury. Arm pain caused by a localised arm muscle, tendon or joint injury should be assessed and confirmed by your health practitioner before commencing treatment.
Arm Pain Prognosis
The good news is that arm pain, and injury will normally respond very favourably to medical or physiotherapy intervention when early professional assessment and treatment is sought. Please do not delay in consulting your healthcare practitioner if you experience arm pain.
Common Arm Pain Treatments
With accurate assessment and early treatment, most arm injuries respond extremely quickly to physiotherapy or medical care, allowing you to resume pain-free and normal activities of daily living quickly.
Please ask your physiotherapist for their professional treatment advice.