Golf Injuries

Golf Injuries

Article by J. MillerS.Armfield

Golf injuries are relatively low incidence. However studies have shown that 60% of professionals and 40% of amateurs can experience injury. 80% are typically overuse injuries. The remainder are traumatic, for example hitting a tree!

Lower back pain has affected about 1/3 of professional golfers. This is due to the mildly bent position and twisting action at speeds of up to 200kph. The combination is unfavourable if your back core muscles are weak or lack control and there is underlying spinal stiffness.

The second most common golf injury is the elbow. Golfer’s elbow and wrist injuries can occur with abnormal ground impact eg hidden rock or gripping the club. Tennis elbow can also be experienced via excessive gripping and poor swing biomechanics eg overswinging.

Shoulder pain may also be experienced. The rotator cuffshoulder impingement and shoulder arthritis are to blame for most shoulder pain.

Professional golfers experience more wrist injuries whereas amateurs experience more elbow and shoulder pain.

Knee pain can occur due to twisting (meniscus tear) or walking (knee arthritis). Walking can also annoy your feet eg plantar fasciitis or heel spur.

Golf Injury Prevention

Swing correction and warming up before golf has been shown to decrease injuries. There are specific ranges of motion that a golfer should be able to attain. Your golf physiotherapist can provide you with a golfer physical screen that assesses your body’s range of motion, strength etc and provide you with exercises to correct any deficits. They will help optimise your body to best suit your golf swing and body’s limitations.

A golf professional should obviously be sought to correct any golf swing issues.

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Arm Pain Causes

Arm pain and injuries are widespread. Arm pain can occur as a result of either sudden, traumatic or repetitive overuse. The causes can be related to sports injuries, work injuries or simply everyday arm use.

Arm pain can be a local injury, musculoskeletal injury or could even be referred from nerves in your neck (cervical radiculopathy). This can result in neck-arm pain.

Causes of Arm Pain by Region

Causes of Arm Pain by Structure

Neck-Related Arm Pain

Shoulder-Related Arm Pain

Elbow-Related Arm Pain

Wrist-Related Arm Pain

Hand-Related Arm Pain

Muscle-Related Arm Pain

Other Sources of Arm Pain

Common Causes of Arm Pain

The most common sources of arm pain include shoulder painwrist pain and elbow pain.

Referred Arm Pain

As mentioned earlier, arm pain can be referred to from another source. Cervical radiculopathy is a common source of referred arm pain. Cervical radiculopathy will not respond to treatment where you feel the arm pain. However, it will respond positively to treatment at the source of the injury (e.g. your neck joints).

Professional assessment from a health practitioner skilled in diagnosing both spinal-origin and local-origin (muscle and joint) injuries (e.g. your physiotherapist) is recommended to ensure an accurate diagnosis and prompt treatment directed at the arm pain source.

Arm Pain has Diverse Causes.

The causes of your arm pain can be extensive and varied. Due to this diversity, your arm pain should be assessed by a suitably qualified health practitioner to attain an accurate diagnosis, treatment plan and implementation specific to your arm pain.

What Arm Pain is Associated with a Heart Attack?

Left-arm pain can be an early sign of a life-threatening cardiac issue. Based on this, a professional medical assessment that involves an accurate history, symptom analysis, physical examination and diagnostic tests to exclude a potential heart attack is important to exclude this potentially life-threatening source of arm pain.

For more information, please consult with your health practitioner, call an ambulance on 000, or visit a hospital emergency department to put your mind at ease.

Good News. Most Arm Pain is NOT Life-Threatening.

Luckily, life-threatening arm pain is far less likely than a local musculoskeletal injury. Arm pain caused by a localised arm muscle, tendon or joint injury should be assessed and confirmed by your health practitioner before commencing treatment.

Arm Pain Prognosis

The good news is that arm pain, and injury will normally respond very favourably to medical or physiotherapy intervention when early professional assessment and treatment is sought. Please do not delay in consulting your healthcare practitioner if you experience arm pain.

Common Arm Pain Treatments

With accurate assessment and early treatment, most arm injuries respond extremely quickly to physiotherapy or medical care, allowing you to resume pain-free and normal activities of daily living quickly.

Please ask your physiotherapist for their professional treatment advice.