Dance Screening

Dance Screening

Article by Nadine Stewart

Dance Screening Information

Q: What is Dance Screening?

A: Dance screening is the process of using several clinical tests to gain information on a dancer’s strength, flexibility, a dancer’s posture, coordination, movement patterns, and technique.

Q: Why is Screening So Important for Dancers?

A: Screening is crucial for dancers, as the information obtained allows your physiotherapist to highlight what you, as a dancer, does well and what you may need to improve. You can then utilise this information to optimise your dance capacity and assist with preventing injury.  Less injury downtime improves a dancer’s ability to participate in full training and performance.

Q: What Type of Dance Screening Should You Seek?

A: At PhysioWorks, our dance physiotherapists offer three types of dance screening options depending on your individual needs:

1. General Musculoskeletal Dance Screening

The purpose of this general musculoskeletal dance screening service is to highlight any areas of tightness, weakness or concern that may predispose individual dancers to injury.

Allow 1-2 hours, depending on the dancer requirements.

2. Pre Pointe Screening Assessment

A Pre-Pointe Screening assessment aims to highlight any areas of tightness, weakness or concern that may predispose individual dancers to injury when transitioning to work en pointe. Ankle impingement syndrome is just one condition that an inappropriate transition to en pointe can cause.

Allow 1-2 hours, depending on the dancer requirements.

pre-pointe-assessment-brisbane

3. Tertiary Dance Assessment (TDCA)

A Tertiary Dance Assessment (as per the Tertiary Dance Council of Australia, TDCA) will identify any areas of tightness, weakness or concern that may predispose individual dancers to injury when transitioning to study dance in a tertiary institution.

Allow 40-mins.

Q: Are the Dance Screening Physio Sessions Claimable Under Private Health Insurance?

A: Yes. Please bring your private health card with you so we can process the claim.

Q: What Do You Wear to a Dance Screening Session?

A: Please wear clothes that you can move around freely in.

Q: What Do You Bring to a Dance Screening Session?

A: Please bring your dance shoes (pointe shoes, ballet flats, jazz or tap shoes) and private health card with you to the dance screening session.

Q: When Do You Receive Your Assessment Results?

A: After your screening session, your PhysioWorks dance physiotherapist will analyse your results and will organise to email them to you within three business days. We do this after your visit to save you time. Your PhysioWorks dance physiotherapist can also forward your results to your dance instructor should you choose.

Q: What is the Cost of a Dance,  Pre Pointe or TDCA Session?

A: Dance assessment costs do vary depending on the complexity of the results that you seek. To simplify things, PhysioWorks has developed packages that include multiple levels of service.

Q. What are the Dance Assessment Packages Available at PhysioWorks?

Service Type

Duration
TERTIARY DANCE ASSESSMENT – Dance Screen – Short Report 0:40
BRONZE – Dance Screen or Pre-Pointe Screen – Results from Analysis- Results Report Summary 0:60
SILVER – Dance Screen or Pre-Pointe Screen – Results from Analysis- Results Report Summary- Personalised Home Exercise Program 1:20
GOLD – Dance Screen or Pre-Pointe Screen – Results from Analysis- Results Report Summary- Personalised Home Exercise Program- Follow up consultation to go through the results and personalised home exercise program.

What Are Common Muscle Injuries?

Myalgia, or muscle pain, can have many sources. Here are some of the more common sources of muscle pain. Would you please click the links for more information?

Neck & Back Muscle Injuries

Lower Limb Muscle Injuries

Upper Limb Muscle Injuries

Haematoma-Related Myalgia

Fatigue-Related Myalgia

Systemic Causes of Myalgia

More Information: Myalgia

Common Muscle Injury FAQs

What are the 4 Types of Muscle Injuries?

How Long Does It Take For A Muscle Injury To Heal?

What Helps Muscle Strains Heal Faster?

How Can I Speed Up Muscle Recovery?

What is a Trigger Point In A Muscle?

Article by John Miller

How Long Does It Take For A Muscle Injury To Heal?

The recovery time for a muscle injury depends on the severity of the damage. For a mild strain, you may be able to return to normal activities within a few days or a week. For more severe strains, recovery can take several weeks and even months. In nasty cases, surgical repair and post-operative physiotherapy may be necessary.

With professional assessment and the treatment guidance of your physiotherapist, most muscle injuries recover entirely.

To avoid re-injury, please ensure that you have adequately rehabilitated your body for a return to sport or work. Follow your physiotherapist’s specific instructions. Don’t engage in high-risk physical activity until your muscles have healed and strengthened appropriately.

Common Treatments for Muscle Strain

The following options are available to your physiotherapist to assist the rehabilitation of your muscle strain. Please seek their professional advice prior to self-managing your injury to avoid aggravating your muscle strain. These are general guidelines only and should not be treated as individual treatment advice.

Acute Muscle Strain Treatment

Subacute Muscle Strain Treatment

Later Stage Muscle Strain Treatment Options

Other Factors to Consider

General Information

Massage Techniques

Article by John Miller

What Are The Muscle Injury Types?

We categorise your muscles into three main types: skeletal, cardiac, and smooth muscles

  • Skeletal muscle is the most common muscle tissue type in the body. Plus, it is prone to injury. Skeletal muscles facilitate your body's movement and strength. The 4 types of skeletal muscle injuries include:
    • Muscle Strain/Soreness
    • Muscle Tear/Rupture
    • Muscle Contusion (Haematoma)
    • Rhabdomyolysis
  • Cardiac muscle forms your heart muscle walls.
  • Smooth muscle tissue is in the walls of hollow organs like the bladder, passageways like the airway and gastrointestinal (GI) tract.

Muscle Strain/Soreness

Muscle strains result in small or microscopic muscle fibre tears. We commonly refer to a muscle strain as a "pulled" muscle. This injury occurs when the muscle is mildly overstretched, or overused. Common muscle strain injuries include the hamstring, shoulder, neck and lower back.

Muscle strains result in muscle soreness, stiffness, weakness, swelling and spasms. They usually heal over a few days. Ice, anti-inflammatory medications, massage and gentle stretching may help the muscle injury heal faster.

Delayed-Onset Muscle Soreness (DOMS) is post-exercise-related muscle pain. DOMS develops after excessive and unaccustomed exercise. It is particularly prevalent if that exercise has an eccentric component. DOMS is myofibril tears (muscle strains). The microtrauma results in an inflammatory response with intramuscular fluid and electrolyte shifts.

We do know that biochemical markers (such as creatine kinase and lactic dehydrogenase) are in the blood of DOMS sufferers, which is consistent with muscle fibre disruption.

Swelling, altered muscle firing patterns and pain are the reasons why muscle strength, motions and function is impaired in DOMS sufferers.

Muscle Tear / Rupture

While a muscle strain refers to a microscopic injury to muscle fibres, a muscle tear is a more significant macroscopic injury. We can normally visualise the damaged fibres on an ultrasound scan or MRI. Much like muscle strains, the most common muscle tears occur in the lower back, neck, shoulder, and hamstring. It typically takes a substantial amount of force to cause this type of injury. Muscle fibres and the blood vessels that supply it tear.

Muscle tears usually cause a sudden onset of severe muscle pain, as well as bruising, weakness and swelling. Muscle tear sufferers should seek urgent medical attention to confirm the diagnosis and undertake a physiotherapist-guided rehabilitation to return to sport or work quicker, plus reduce the likelihood of reinjury. Patients with a torn muscle also often require follow-up care and rehabilitation with physical therapy.

The most severe extreme of a muscle tear is a complete rupture. Complete muscle rupture usually requires surgical repair and post-operative physiotherapy to optimise your return to function.

Muscle Contusion (Haematoma)

Muscle contusion may also be referred to as a muscle "haematoma". This injury occurs when a blunt object strikes the body and crushes underlying muscle tissue but does not break the skin. Common examples include being hit with a ball or being accidentally kneed e.g. "corked thigh". Contusions are typically painful, swollen, weak and result in a reduced range of motion, as a protection mechanism. Visible bruising is from damaged blood vessels that pools underneath the skin's surface.

While most mild contusion injuries often heal with ice, rest and time, more severe injuries sometimes require surgical intervention to address excessive pressure accumulated from internal swelling and bleeding.

Rhabdomyolysis

Rhabdomyolysis is a severe condition when muscle fibres die and their contents release into your bloodstream. Your kidneys normally filter out these muscle byproducts. However, in rhabdomyolysis kidney failure can result and be fatal. Urgent medical attention is required.

Muscle pain, weakness and dark urine are the common symptoms of rhabdomyolysis.

Causes of rhabdomyolysis may be traumatic or non-traumatic. Examples of traumatic rhabdomyolysis include car accidents, crush injuries or lying unconscious on a hard surface for an extended period. Causes of non-traumatic muscle injury include heatstroke, infections, intense exercise, seizures, and the use of certain recreational drugs like cocaine and amphetamines.

If you have any of the symptoms please seek urgent medical assessment.

Article by John Miller

What Helps Muscle Strains Heal Faster?

Muscle Strain Treatment

Muscle strain treatment will vary depending on your health professional's accurate diagnosis. The severity of your muscle strain and what function or loads your injured muscle will need to cope with will impact the length of your healing and rehabilitation process.

Until you've been accurately diagnosed with a muscle strain, use the following guidelines:

  • Ice and a compression bandage.
  • Elevate the injured region swells.
  • If it's painful to walk, you should be using crutches.
  • Cease or reduce your exercise or activity level to where you feel no pain.

Muscle strain can take a few days to several weeks to rehabilitate successfully. Please seek the advice of your physiotherapist, doctor, or health care practitioner who specialises in muscle injuries, e.g. massage therapist, to guide your treatment.

Common Treatments for Muscle Strain

Many treatment options are available to your physiotherapist to assist the rehabilitation of your muscle strain. Please seek their professional advice.

Acute Muscle Strain Treatment

Subacute Muscle Strain Treatment

Later Stage Muscle Strain Treatment Options

Other Factors to Consider

General Information

Massage Techniques