What is a Tension Headache?
A tension headache is the most common form of a primary headache. It happens intermittently in up to 80% of the population. As the symptoms are not as severe as a migraine, Tension Headache is a problem if it becomes frequent or chronic.
What are the Symptoms of a Tension Headache?
Frequent Tension Headache is recognised when the sufferer has experienced at least ten headaches in one month. There are varying degrees of frequency and chronicity.
Chronic Tension Headache sufferers report headaches on more than 180 days in a year. Tension Headache pain tends to be bilateral and pressing or tightening in nature. It is of mild to moderate intensity and will not manage to interrupt work.
Tension Headache sufferers can experience symptoms associated with migraines. Symptoms include nausea and photophobia (hypersensitive to light) or phonophobia (hypersensitive to sound). But usually only one of these symptoms.
How is a Tension Headache Diagnosed?
There is no one specific test that identifies tension-type headache. Your diagnosis will be made based on your health professional’s interpretation of your symptoms and how you respond to different treatments.
What about X-rays, CT-scans and MRI?
Unfortunately, X-rays, CT-scans and MRI’s are not diagnostic of a tension headache. You can suffer a tension-type headache with or without some abnormal findings on X-rays or scans. Likewise, scan abnormalities do not guarantee that you will experience a tension headache.
However, X-rays and scans may identify structures that could potentially be causing your tension-type headache. We recommend that you have at least cervical spine X-rays if you have been suffering headaches or head pain for any extended period.
How Can Physiotherapy or Massage Help You?
Quality neck physiotherapy or massage can have a rapid and effective result for relieving your tension headache through muscle relaxation under excessive tension. It is also important to remember that excessive muscle tension will compress, distort or irritate joint structures that cause neck headache, which will further complicate your symptoms.
Your tension-type headache treatment may include all or some of the following techniques:
- Stiff neck joints may need to be loosened or unlocked via joint mobilisation (gentle gliding techniques), joint traction or, in specific cases, a soft and localised joint manipulation technique.
- Hypermobile (or dynamically unstable) joints may require specific deep neck muscle strengthening exercises to stabilise, control and limit the joint movement available.
- Tight or overactive muscles may require stretching, massage, acupuncture, dry needling, or other relaxation techniques.
- Weak muscles may require specific strengthening exercises. This weakness may include your postural shoulder blade and neck muscles.
- Nerve dysfunction depending upon your specific examination findings. Neurosensitivity is a common finding that needs to addressed with attentive, professional care.
- Posture correction may be recommended via specific exercises, posture awareness techniques, taping or a posture brace.
- They provide you with helpful advice on how to prevent neck dysfunction in the future, e.g. awkward neck positions and postures to avoid.
What if Physiotherapy or Massage Can’t Help You?
Since there are over 300 sources of a headache, and tension-type headache is responsible for some.
You may also be suffering from a mixed or multi-source headache. In these instances, your neck headache, another source of your head pain, could linger.
Your physiotherapist will advise you if you have symptoms that could indicate a different cause for your headache. In these instances, they will also direct you towards further investigations or tests that may assist your diagnosis and subsequent treatment.
Mixed Headache-Migraine Types
You can simultaneously suffer one, two or more types of headache or migraine.
One type may cause another or overlap with another. For example, a painful neck can cause an increase in muscular tension, which will increase your blood pressure. In this scenario, you would be suffering a neck headache + tension headache, + migraine!
In our experience, finding the primary source of your headache or a migraine is the key to successful management.
Can an Unsupportive Pillow Cause Tension-Type Headaches?
Yes. Unfortunately, a non-supportive pillow or one not suited to your neck can predispose you to neck pain or tension-type headache.
If you suffer neck pain or headache, it is wise to ask for your physiotherapist’s professional advice regarding what pillow style and size they would recommend for you.
Pillows do vary, and the best one for your neck shape and body size will help you prevent neck pain and neck headache.
Headache - Migraine
Specific Migraine - Headache Types
- Neck Pain
- Bulging Disc
- Wry Neck
- Text Neck
- Pinched Nerve
- Cervical Radiculopathy
- Facet Joint Syndrome
- Neck Sprain
What is a Primary and Secondary Headache?The International Headache Society classifies headaches as Primary or Secondary. Primary headaches are not related to any other problem and include migraines, tension-type headaches and cluster headaches. Secondary headaches. Caused by an underlying problem, and can include a post-whiplash headache, neck headache, jaw headache and drug withdrawal headache. “Ice cream headache”, for example, is a secondary headache caused by extreme cold within your mouth. In other words, a secondary headache is a symptom of something else being wrong rather than the cause itself. Treatment for a secondary headache involves treating the source, e.g. loosen some stiff upper neck joints or stop eating ice cream!
Multi-Source HeadacheIt is also important to point out that many headache sufferers may suffer multi-source headaches. For example, a migraine sufferer may simultaneously experience a tension-type headache and neck headache. Treatment will vary depending upon your specific symptoms and headache source. Please consult with your healthcare practitioner for an accurate diagnosis and treatment pathway.
When Should You Be Concerned about a Headache?In a small percentage of patients, there is, unfortunately, a sinister cause of your head pain, which require investigation. We call these Red Flags because they can be vital signs of more sinister underlying conditions such as brain tumours, aneurysm, stroke, meningitis and other systemic illnesses. If you experience any of the following symptoms, please seek the urgent advice of your healthcare professional.
You MUST thoroughly investigate any Red Flags!Please check with your doctor to investigate further if your headaches have any of the following characteristics. Your headache is:
- History your worst ever headache or a different headache to your usual.
- Exertion triggers your headache (e.g. exercise, cough, sneeze or sex).
- Age is higher than 50 years.
- Despite treatment, your headache persists.
- Acute onset.
- Central nervous system findings. e.g. motor weakness, memory loss, slurred speech.
- HIV or other immune system compromise
- fEver or other systemic symptoms, e.g. weight loss, rash.
Less Urgent & Severe Headache TypesFortunately, the vast majority of headaches do not require urgent medical investigation and should respond positively to treatment depending upon an accurate diagnosis. For specific advice, please consult your doctor or headache physiotherapist.
Suffering a Headache or Migraine?If you are suffering a headache or migraine, it is appropriate that your first step is to consult your doctor. Your doctor will examine you and then determine if a neurological opinion is required and whether a CT or MRI scan of your head is necessary. Occasionally, scans can identify significant but luckily uncommon headache sources such as an aneurysm or tumour. In the vast majority of cases, your scans will be reasonable.
If Your Scan is Normal?Firstly, you should feel relieved. Scans will rule out the more sinister causes of headache or migraine.
Discovering Your Headache Source?We recommend that you should then commence a process of elimination, starting with the most commonly diagnosed and easily fixed sources. Two familiar sources of headache that can undertake an assessment and elimination are neck headache and jaw headache. A thorough examination of your neck by a skilled headache physiotherapist is your next port of call. Researchers believe that at least one in four headaches are neck origin and less than that are jaw headache. You'll have over a 25% chance that your physiotherapist will confirm and then relieve your headache at your first consultation.
What is Physiotherapy Treatment?
Physiotherapists help people affected by illness, injury or disability through exercise, manual joint therapy, soft tissue techniques education and advice. Physiotherapists maintain physical health, allow patients to manage pain and prevent disease for people of all ages. Physiotherapists help encourage pain-relief, injury recovery, enabling people to stay playing a sport, working or performing daily living activities while assisting them to remain functionally independent.
There is a multitude of different physiotherapy treatment approaches.
Acute & Sub-Acute Injury Management
Hands-On Physiotherapy Techniques
Your physiotherapist's training includes hands-on physiotherapy techniques such as:
- Joint Mobilisation (gentle joint gliding techniques)
- Joint Manipulation
- Physiotherapy Instrument Mobilisation (PIM)
- Minimal Energy Techniques (METs)
- Soft Tissue Techniques
Your physiotherapist has skilled training. Physiotherapy techniques have expanded over the past few decades. They have researched, upskilled and educated themselves in a spectrum of allied health skills. These skills include techniques shared with other healthcare practitioners. Professions include exercise physiologists, remedial massage therapists, osteopaths, acupuncturists, kinesiologists, chiropractors and occupational therapists, to name a few.
Your physiotherapist is a highly skilled professional who utilises strapping and taping techniques to prevent and assist injuries or pain relief and function.
Alternatively, your physiotherapist may recommend a supportive brace.
Acupuncture and Dry Needling
Many physiotherapists have acquired additional training in acupuncture and dry needling to assist pain relief and muscle function.
Physiotherapists have been trained in the use of exercise therapy to strengthen your muscles and improve your function. Physiotherapy exercises use evidence-based protocols where possible as an effective way that you can solve or prevent pain and injury. Your physiotherapist is highly-skilled in the prescription of the "best exercises" for you and the most appropriate "exercise dose" for you, depending on your rehabilitation status. Your physiotherapist will incorporate essential components of pilates, yoga and exercise physiology to provide you with the best result. They may even use Real-Time Ultrasound Physiotherapy so that you can watch your muscles contract on a screen as you correctly retrain them.
- Muscle Stretching
- Core Exercises
- Strengthening Exercises
- Balance Exercises
- Proprioception Exercises
- Real-Time Ultrasound Physiotherapy
- Swiss Ball Exercises
Biomechanical assessment, observation and diagnostic skills are paramount to the best treatment. Your physiotherapist is a highly skilled health professional. They possess superb diagnostic skills to detect and ultimately avoid musculoskeletal and sports injuries. Poor technique or posture is one of the most common sources of a repeat injury.
Aquatic water exercises are an effective method to provide low bodyweight exercises.
Sports physio requires an extra level of knowledge and physiotherapy to assist injury recovery, prevent injury and improve performance. For the best advice, consult a Sports Physiotherapist.
Women's Health Physiotherapy is a particular interest group of therapies.
Not only can your physiotherapist assist you in sport, but they can also help you at work. Ergonomics looks at the best postures and workstation set up for your body at work or home. Whether it be lifting technique improvement, education programs or workstation setups, your physiotherapist can help you.
Plus Much More
Your physiotherapist is a highly skilled body mechanic. A physiotherapist has particular interests in certain injuries or specific conditions. For advice regarding your problem, please contact your PhysioWorks team.
What is the PhysioWorks Difference?You'll be impressed with the experienced physiotherapists, massage therapists and reception staff who represent PhysioWorks. To ensure that we remain highly qualified, we are committed to participating in continuing education to provide optimal care. If you've been searching for health practitioners with a serious interest in your rehabilitation or injury prevention program, our staff have either participated or are still participating in competitive sports at a representative level. We also currently provide physiotherapy and massage services for numerous sports clubs. Our experience helps us understand what you need to do to safely and quickly return to youryouryour sporting field, home duties, or employment.
How You'll Benefit from the PhysioWorks Difference?At PhysioWorks physiotherapy and massage clinics, we strive to offer our clients quick, effective and long-lasting results by providing high-quality treatment. We aim to get you better quicker in a friendly and caring environment conducive to successful healing. With many years of clinical experience, our friendly service and quality treatment is a benchmark not only in Brisbane but Australia-wide.
What are Some of the BIG Differences?Our therapists pride themselves on keeping up to date with the latest research and treatment skills to ensure that they provide you with the most advantageous treatment methods. They are continually updating their knowledge via seminars, conferences, workshops, scientific journals etc. Not only will you receive a detailed consultation, but we offer long-term solutions, not just quick fixes that in reality, only last for a short time. We attempt to treat the cause, not just the symptoms. PhysioWorks clinics are modern thinking. Not only in their appearance but in the equipment we use and in our therapists' knowledge. Our staff care about you! We are always willing to go that 'extra mile' to guarantee that we cater to our clients' unique needs. All in all, we feel that your chances of the correct diagnosis, the most effective treatment and the best outcomes are all the better at PhysioWorks.
Neck Pain, Stiffness or Headaches?If you’re having a restless sleep or waking with neck pain, stiffness or headaches, your pillow could be the culprit. A good night's sleep is dependent on a healthy sleeping position and a good pillow. A quality pillow will support your head in natural alignment with your spine. Only a pillow offering good support and adjustability can do this.
What's the Classic Signs of an Unsupportive Pillow?Most quality pillows will only last you three to four years before you need to change. Some of the lesser quality pillows will only remain supportive for a few months. The problem is that pillows internal supportive material breaks down with use and time. Whether your pillow is feather, foam, memory foam, rubber, latex or any other natural or synthetic product, they all eventually disintegrate with time and use. If you are consistently having the following trouble, it's time to change your pillow.
- Waking during the night or in the morning with a stiff neck, neck pain or headache.
- Restless or interrupted sleep with difficulty going off to sleep.
Maybe it's NOT Your Pillow!Sometimes there is simply no pillow in the world that is best for you.
Why?If you have a neck injury, pain or stiffness you may not have the available pain-free range of neck motion to have a comfortable pain-free sleep. The solution on this occasion is to have your neck professionally assessed and treated. Often just one quality treatment of your neck will solve years of sleeping difficulties.
Pillows OnlineIf you like to see the pillows that most of our therapists sleep on and recommend to our clients, you can view these online here or test then at your nearest PhysioWorks clinic.
More informationPillows Neck Pain Neck Headache
Why Do Patients Choose PhysioWorks for their Healthcare?You'll be impressed with the experienced physiotherapists, massage therapists and reception staff who represent PhysioWorks. To ensure that we remain highly qualified, we are committed to continuing education. If you've been searching for therapists with a serious interest in your rehabilitation or injury prevention program, our staff have either participated or are still participating in competitive sports at elite and representative levels. We also currently provide physiotherapy and massage services for numerous sports clubs. Our experience helps us understand what you need to do to safely and quickly return to your sporting field, home duties, or employment. PhysioWorks is an undergraduate clinical placement facility for training the next generation of physiotherapists. Each year we handpick the cream of the crop, add them to our team and fast track their post-graduate education process to ensure that they become experienced physiotherapists well before their peers.
How You'll Benefit from the PhysioWorks Difference?At PhysioWorks physiotherapy and massage clinics, we strive to offer our clients quick, effective and long-lasting results by providing high-quality treatment. Our aim is not only to get you better quicker but also to create a friendly and caring environment conducive to successful healing. With many years of clinical experience, our friendly service and quality treatment is a benchmark not only in Brisbane but Australia-wide.
What are some of the BIG differences?
- Our therapists pride themselves on keeping up to date with the latest research and treatment skills to ensure that they provide you with the most advantageous treatment methods. They are constantly updating their knowledge via seminars, conferences, workshops, scientific journals etc.
- Not only will you receive a detailed consultation, but we offer long-term solutions, not just quick fixes that in reality, only last for a short time.
- We attempt to treat the cause, not just the symptoms.
- PhysioWorks clinics are modern thinking. Not only in their appearance but in the equipment we use and in our therapists' knowledge.
- Our staff actually care about you! We are always willing to go that 'extra mile' to guarantee that we cater to our clients' special needs.
What are the Benefits of Good Posture?
- Keeps your bones and joints in the correct alignment.
- Helps to decrease the abnormal wearing of joint surfaces.
- Decreases the stress on the ligaments holding the joints of the spine together.
- Prevents the spine from becoming fixed in abnormal positions.
- Prevents muscle fatigue.
- Prevents any backache and muscular pain.
- Contributes to a competent and confident appearance.
To Achieve Good Posture You Will Require the Following:
- Good muscle flexibility
- Normal motion in the joints
- Strong postural muscles
- A balance of muscles on both sides of the spine
- Awareness of your posture, plus knowledge of proper postural position, which leads to conscious correction.