TENS Machine

TENS Machine

TENS Machine & EMS Machine Information

What is a TENS Machine?

A TENS machine is an electronic medical device. TENS is an abbreviation of Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation.

Transcutaneous means "across the skin". In simple terms, a tens machine stimulates your nerves via an electrical current through your skin.

What Does a TENS Machine Do?

A TENS machine may assist you in modest short-term pain relief.

The use of a TENS machine should be as one part of a pain management program under the guidance of your doctor or healthcare practitioner. Your health practitioner should always be consulted before using a TENS machine.

How Could a TENS Unit Decrease Pain?

Pain is thought to be controlled by TENS in one of two ways:

Sensory Level Stimulation - The Gate Control theory of pain means that the electrical input of the TENS machine interferes with the transmission of pain signals, by blocking the neural “gate” through which the pain travels.

Motor Level Stimulation - The goal of motor level stimulation is to cause the release of the body’s own opiate-like substances to achieve pain relief.

How Do You Use Use a TENS Machine for Pain Relief?

If we use back pain as an example, you can use a TENS machine by placing the TENS machine electrodes either side of your spine at the same level as your back. If you have a 2-channel TENS machine you can also place the second set TENS electrodes either side of your spine at a level above your pain eg between your pain and your brain. Please note that you should not place your TENS electrodes on your skull (brain), the front of your neck, or through your heart.

For professional advice regarding your TENS electrode placements and dosage, please consult your physiotherapist.

More examples of TENS Machine electrode placements can be found here:


Use only as directed. A TENS machine and EMS machine are electronic medical devices.  Always read the label and instruction manual. A TENS machine may assist you in modest short-term pain relief. Consult your doctor/healthcare professional prior to use and if symptoms persist. 

What is a TENS machine?

What is an EMS machine?

TENS Machines

Buy TENS machine electrodes and replacement electrode leads.

Private Health Insurance Rebate Information

  • TENS Machine - Private Health Insurance Rebate
  • tens machine

    TENS Machines

    Click here to view TENS Machine for Sale

    EMS Machines (Electrical Muscle Stimulation)

    Click Here for EMS Machine Prices

    TENS Machine Australia

    TENS Machine FAQs

  • What is Pain?
  • What is EMS (Electric Muscle Stimulation)?
  • How to Use a TENS Machine
  • TENS Machine - Private Health Insurance Rebate
  • What is a TENS Machine?
  • What is Nerve Pain?
  • Tens Electrode Placement Tips

    TENS Machines

    Where to Position Your TENS Machine Electrodes?

    For specific advice on TENS machine electrode placements and TENS machine settings, you are advised to seek the professional assistance of a health professional with expertise in the use of TENS machines such as your physiotherapist. 

    TENS Machine & Electrodes

    Where NOT to Use Your TENS Machine

    TENS machine or EMS electrodes should NEVER be placed:

    • Across your eyes (intraocular pressure) or brain.
    • On the front of your neck due to the risk of acute hypotension (through a vasovagal reflex) or even a laryngospasm.
    • Through the chest (using a front and rear of chest wall electrode positions). Either side of your spinal column is permitted.
    • Across an artificial cardiac pacemaker (or another indwelling stimulator, implantable cardioverter-defibrillators (ICDs), including across its leads) due to a risk of interference and failure of the implanted device. Serious accidents have been recorded in cases when this principle was not observed. 
    • On open wounds or broken skin areas (although it can be placed around wounds.
    • Over a malignant tumour (based on experiments where electricity promotes cell growth).
    • Directly over the spinal column (although it can be placed either side of your spinal column).
    • Over mucosal membranes or internally, except for specific applications of dental, vaginal, and anal stimulation that employ specialised TENS units.
    • Head or neck of stroke or epilepsy patients.
    • Pregnant uterus.
    • On areas of numb skin/decreased sensation TENS should be used with caution because it's likely less effective due to nerve damage. It may also cause skin irritation due to the inability to feel currents until they are too high.
    • Areas of Infection. There's an unknown level of risk when placing electrodes over an infection (possible spreading due to muscle contractions). Cross contamination with the electrodes themselves is of greater concern eg dermatological conditions.

    TENS Machines

    News Report on TENS Machineshttp://youtu.be/Qr0PIq7TKcc