What is Prolapse?

Women generally have three organs in the pelvic cavity (the space inside the hip bones and the tailbone) which include the bladder, uterus and rectum. A prolapse is where one or more of these organs slip downwards away from their usual position.  

What are the Different Types of Prolapse?

There are a number of different types of prolapse which include:

  • Apical / Uterine Prolapse – A form of prolapse where the uterus falls downwards collapsing into the vaginal canal.
  • Cystocele / Cystourethrocele – A form of prolapse where the bladder and/or urethra falls down and backwards into the anterior wall of the vagina.
  • Rectocele – A form of prolapse where the rectum falls down and forwards into the posterior wall of the vagina.

The degree to which one or more of these organs slip downwards determines the severity of the prolapse. 

What Causes a Prolapse to Occur?

There are a number of factors that can lead to prolapse including:

  • A weakness of the pelvic floor muscles
  • Damage to connective tissue in the pelvis
  • Pregnancy 
  • Childbirth esp. involving prolonged labour or use of forceps
  • History of chronic respiratory conditions
  • History of chronic constipation or straining when making a bowel movement
  • Regular heavy lifting
  • Elite / high-level athletes involving high impact and high load sports. E.g. running, gymnastics and weight lifting
  • Obesity
  • Age
  • Hormonal changes. E.g. menopause

What are the Symptoms of Prolapse?

The symptoms present for each type of prolapse vary slightly, but generally, prolapse symptoms include:

  • A feeling of fullness in and around the vagina, or in some cases an observable bulge extending from the vagina
  • A feeling of pressure in the lower abdomen
  • Low back pain
  • A feeling of being unable to completely empty the bowel or bladder, potentially leading to assisted digital emptying.
  • Bleeding, discharge or infection

How is Prolapse Diagnosed?

Usually, a clinical diagnosis can be made using the information you have given, as well as a physical examination. During this examination, your physiotherapist may need to perform an internal exam to assess the potential weakness of the pelvic floor or damage to connective pelvic tissue and to gain an idea of the position of the pelvic organs.

What Treatments are available for Prolapse?

Often, physiotherapy is considered the first line of treatment for prolapse, and can include:

  • Education
  • Lifestyle Recommendations 
  • A pelvic floor exercise program
  • Ultrasound to assist with pelvic floor activation 
  • Electrical stimulation to assist with pelvic floor activation 
  • Internal support devices e.g pessary
  • Adjustment of usual toileting habits
  • Advice to modify or manage lifting and exercise habits
  • Controlled coughing

What Results Can You Expect?

A large proportion of people with prolapse will have their symptoms improved or resolved with physiotherapy treatment. However, if left untreated, often the problem continues to gradually worsen.

Will You Need Surgery?

There are a percentage of people who may not experience enough improvement with physiotherapy alone, or depending on the severity of their prolapse may need to go on to have surgery to resolve their symptoms.

For more information please consult your physiotherapist with a special interest in pelvic floor conditions.

Women’s Health Physiotherapy incorporates the assessment and treatment of a large number of women-specific conditions including:  

Q: What Do You Need To Bring To Your Women's Health Appointment?

A: Please bring any information regarding your condition from your GP, medical specialists or other health care providers with you to your appointment. You will also need to arrive 10 minutes before your appointment to fill out some paperwork. Alternatively, we can email information to you before your appointment.

Q: What Do You Wear To Your Appointment?

A: Please wear clothing that you can move around freely in.

Q: Will the Information That You Provide During Your Appointment Remain Confidential?

A: Yes. All the information that you provide in your appointment will remain confidential, and your physiotherapist will only communicate with other healthcare providers involved in your care with your consent. We also conduct your appointment in individual rooms to ensure that what you say remains confidential. The one exception to this is cases of rectus diastasis, which we may treat in the general physiotherapy curtained consulting area unless otherwise requested.

Q: How Long Will Your Appointment Be?

A: The length of the appointment can vary depending on the condition that we treat. Please see the table below for further information. Your initial women's health appointment will normally take 1-hour. Mastitis and rectus diastasis appointments will normally take 30 to 40-minutes. For information specific to your needs, please call our receptionist.

Q: What Will Your Women's Health Physiotherapy Appointment Cost?

A: The cost of the session can vary depending on the condition that will be treating. Please call our reception staff at Sandgate (Ph: 3269 1122) or Ashgrove (Ph: 3366 4221) for further information.

Q: Is Your Women's Health Physiotherapy Appointment Claimable Under Private Health Insurance?

A: Yes. Please bring the private health insurance card with you to your appointment so we can process your claim on the spot.

Q: Is Your Appointment Covered Under An EPC/Medicare Referral?

A: Yes, we do accept GP referrals under EPC guidelines. However, but due to the extended time allocated by your women's health physiotherapist, there will be a gap payment to cover the total cost of your consultation after the Medicare rebate is applied. Please call our reception staff at Sandgate (Ph: 3269 1122) or Ashgrove (Ph: 3366 4221) for specific information.

Electric Muscle Stimulation (EMS)

EMS Machines

Electronic muscle stimulation (EMS) may help you to strengthen weak muscles. ems-electronic-muscle-stimulation

How Does Electric Muscle Stimulation Assist Strengthening?

There are several theories on how an EMS Machine may assist in muscle strengthening. One potential reason is that when you maximally contract a muscle, at best, only 30% of all your muscle fibres are in a state of contraction. The remaining 70% are dormant and awaiting recruitment when the contracting fibres fatigue. With EMS, you can potentially electrically stimulate these resting muscle fibres to improve their strength. Clinically, EMS appears to be more effective when the muscles are frail, and you have difficulty performing regular anti-gravity exercises. Another reason that EMS potentially works is via an improvement in the recruitment of nerve conduction rates. Explained simply, it takes approximately 10000 repetitions for your brain to learn how to quickly send a message to your muscles via the quickest nerve pathways. This contraction pattern becomes your "memory engram". The more frequent your muscle recruits, the better your body becomes at finding the fastest way to recruit that muscle. EMS can potentially provide you with repeated contractions to accelerate this learning process. To achieve your best outcome, we recommend that you seek professional advice on how to best utilise your EMS machine from your local physiotherapist who has a particular interest in EMS muscle retraining.

Important EMS Machine Information

Use your machine only as directed. A TENS machine and EMS machine are electronic medical devices. Always read the label and instruction manual. A TENS machine may assist you in modest short-term pain relief. Consult your doctor/healthcare professional before use and if symptoms persist.

EMS Machines

Due to the large variety of stock and size items, only a limited range of products is available directly from PhysioWorks clinics, where we mainly treat clients. Most online store products are held within our warehouse system and are sent directly to you when ordered online. This allows us to keep our product costs low. Some products may be ordered into your nearest PhysioWorks clinic for collection. However, additional freight and handling fees will apply. Please phone PhysioWorks to see if they have the product you'd like in stock.

Sandgate Physio Works

The most extensive product range is held atSandgate Physio Works.

18 Bowser Pde


Phone 07-32691122

Why Do Physiotherapists Prescribe You Exercises?

The prescription of exercise appropriate to you and your injury or fitness level is one of the many professional skills of a physiotherapist. Whether you have suffered an acute injury, chronic deconditioning or are recovering from surgery, the correct exercise prescription is essential. That's why your physiotherapist's knowledge and skills will personalise your exercise dose. Your physiotherapist not only is educated in injury diagnosis but also exercise physiology or the science of exercise. This training enables your physiotherapist to assess and diagnose your injury, plus also to prescribe injury, fitness or age-appropriate activities targeted to you now.

What Exercises Should You Do?

Your exercises shouldn't be painful. Please take caution with some overzealous exercise prescribers who believe that the more painful the activity, the better. Thus simply isn't true—notably, the frail, immunosuppressed, deconditioned or post-operative person. You'll find that your physiotherapist will thoroughly examine you and prescribe a series of exercises suitable for you in quantities that will not injure you further. Please seek an exercise expert, such as your physiotherapist, when you are planning your rehabilitation.

What Happens When You Stop Exercises?

Without some simple exercises, we know that specific muscles can become weak. When these supporting muscles are weak, your injured structures are inadequately supported and predispose you to linger symptoms or further injury. You can also over-activate adjacent muscles that may lead to further damage. It is also essential to understand that even if you are "in good shape", you may have crucial but weak localised or stability muscles. When you have an injury, you should perform specific exercises that specifically strengthen the muscles around your injury and the adjacent joints. Your physiotherapist will assess your muscle function and prescribe the right exercises specific for your needs. The exercises prescribed will usually be relatively simple, and do not require any special weights equipment, and can be performed safely at home.

Would You Stop Your Daily Prescription Drugs?

Your physiotherapist will prescribe your individualised dose or exercises. They are using their professional expertise to optimise your exercise dose. Would you just stop taking your regular blood pressure medication because you were too busy or didn't think it was working? We would hope not! Exercise, when prescribed by an expert such as your physiotherapist, should be treated as your recommended dose. Just like when you don't take your blood pressure medication, you can't expect the drugs to work of you don't take it as prescribed by your health professional. So, next time you skip your "exercise dose" just remember that you are not putting your health first. If you have any questions, please contact your Physio Works physiotherapist for your best care.

Private Health Insurance Rebates

PhysioWorks Physiotherapy and Remedial Massage are more affordable than you think. Your Private Health Insurance (PHI) usually pays for the majority of your treatment fees, leaving you with only a small gap payment.

However, Private Health Funds do vary their rebates payable depending upon the level of cover that you have taken. Some funds have kept up with the costs of modern medicine whereas, sadly others haven't, with rebates similar to what they were a decade ago.

HICAPS - Instant Health Fund Claims

Most health funds are members of the HICAPS instant claims system.  Swipe your health insurance card at our reception counter, and you can instantly claim your physiotherapy treatment via our online Hicaps System. Remedial Massage is claimable via Hicaps for some but not all funds. For more information, please visit Hicaps for the latest funds which can use their instant claiming system.

Private health insurance rebates are available for all of our physiotherapists. Instant claims are possible via our in-practice Hicaps system.

Third-Party Insurers

PhysioWorks practitioners are registered providers for government, Workcover and insurance companies including:

  • Workcover
  • InjuryNet
  • Australia Post; Coles Myer; Woolworths
  • Medicare
  • Department of Veterans' Affairs
  • CTP & Sports Insurers
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